Pronominal Prefixes I2

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Pronominal Prefixes: Intransitive Plural

Next, we replace the singular with the plural prefixes (we, you (pl), they).

Nonpast Meaning Past Meaning Comment
karrire we go karriwam we went karri- means we (including the hearer), i.e. first-person plural inclusive
ngurrire you (pl) go ngurriwam you (pl) went ngurri- means you (pl), i.e. second-person plural
kabirrire they go birriwam they went birri- means they, i.e. the third-person plural

Note that when we translate karrire as 'we go', it also means 'we're going', 'let's go', and 'we will go'. (If you find it strange that a verb can indicate present or future tense, just think about these English phrases: we go today, we go next week). Let's see these prefixes again with bidbun and mankan.

Nonpast Meaning Past Meaning
karribidbun we (incl) climb karribidbom we (incl) climbed
ngurribidbun you (pl) climb ngurribidbom you (pl) climbed
kabirribidbun they climb birribidbom they climbed
karrimankan we (incl) fall karrimankang we (incl) fell
ngurrimankan you (pl) fall ngurrimankang you (pl) fell
kabirrimankan they fall birrimankang they fell

Note that Kunwok has a special form of the plural which just concerns the case of two people or things. We will cover this case later. For now we'll make the simplifying assumption that any more than one is plural.

Next: Intransitive Verbs 3

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