Pronominal Prefixes I1
Pronominal Prefixes: intransitive singular
When we refer to action by a single individual, we use the singular prefixes.
nga- (I) is for first person singular, e.g. ngare (I go), ngawam (I went).
yi- (you singular) is for second person singular, e.g. yire (you go), yiwam (you went).
∅- (he/she/it) is for third person singular, e.g. kare (he/she/it goes), wam (he/she/it went).
- The ∅- means nothing, a zero prefix.
- There is an extra ka- which only shows up in third person singular in present tense. You'll hear it all the time, so you need to know it.
- Just like "go" has an irregular past tense "went" (not "goed"), Kunwok re (go) has an irregular past tense wam (went).
Here it is again, in tabular form:
|ngare||I go||ngawam||I went||nga- is the first-person singular, I|
|yire||you (sg) go||yiwam||you (sg) went||yi- is the second-person singular, you (sg)|
|kare||he/she/it goes||wam||he/she/it went||- (no prefix) is the third-person singular, he/she/it|
Here are more examples, this time for bidbun (climb) and mankan (fall).
|ngabidbun||I climb||ngabidbom||I climbed|
|yibidbun||you (sg) climb||yibidbom||you (sg) climbed|
|kabidbun||he/she/it climbs||bidbom||he/she/it climbed|
|ngamankan||I fall||ngamankang||I fell|
|yimankan||you (sg) fall||yimankang||you (sg) fell|
|kamankan||he/she/it falls||mankang||he/she/it fell|
It's your turn to try this with some new verbs:
|I run (lobme)||she swims (wurlebme)||you're sitting (yerrkan)||he's returning (durndeng)||I cry|
Finally, you could make a table of words with their prefixes for some other intransitive verbs: e.g. dowen (be unwell), dolkkan (stand), keyo (sleep), di (be present), bebme (arrive), yayme (be itchy), borrkke (dance), wayini (sing).
Next: Intransitive Verbs 2