Total Physical Response

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Total Physical Response is an approach to language learning that starts with comprehension of verbs.

This page lists groups of verbs to try. The instructor (a local) could give instructions using the imperative form, e.g. yiborledmen, and then the newcomer could perform the action, while saying what they are doing, e.g. ngaborledme. Optionally, the newcomer could also say the past perfect version once the action is completed, e.g. ngaborledmeng.

-me verbs

These verbs have an imperative form ending in -men, and past perfect ending in -meng. (This is the first conjugation.)

Kunwok English Comments
-birrhme sweep, clean up (the noise of sweeping?)
-borledme turn around
-derrehme move over (away)
-dokme set off (home)
-karrme have, hold, touch confusible with kurrme, think of the "a" of have
-kurrme put sth confusible with karrme, think of the "u" of put
-lobme run, drive, function ("lope")
-wurlebme go into water, shower

Here is a second group of -me verbs

Kunwok English Comments
-rohrokme try, test, measure (some people say wohrokme)
-kayhme call, sing out
-buhme blow
-dangbalhme close close an opening, like a door, a container
-njudme blow nose
-wungme smoke (cigarette)
-yame spear throw a spear
-biddjibme stir, mix e.g. as when making a cake

-ke verbs

These verbs have an imperative form ending in -kemen, and past perfect ending in -keng. Some of these verbs are paired with -me verbs. (This is the second conjugation.)

Kunwok English Comments
-bakke break sth (notice how it sounds like it's meaning)
-baye bite
-borledke turn something around/over (cf -borledme when you do it to yourself)
-derrehke shift sth over/along (cf -derrehme)
-dadjke cut, chop
-borrkke dance
-bobarlke fill with liquid bo+barlke
-biwke bend sth
-bebke take out, reveal (cf -bebme, arrive)
-djuhke splash sth
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