Pronunciation Drills

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Here are some words to use for pronunciation practice. Please consult the Pronunciation Guide or a Kunwok speaker for help.

1. No non-English sounds[edit]

  1. daluk woman
  2. manme food
  3. kunak fire
  4. kured camp
  5. kunwok language
  6. nayin snake
  7. mankung honey
  8. kunmim eye
  9. kunbid hand
  10. kundulk tree

2. Memorable because of how they sound[edit]

  1. mudika truck, car
  2. bakki tobacco
  3. duruk dog
  4. lod loaf
  5. bobo bye bye
  6. bikbik pig
  7. kukku water
  8. dabulin tarpaulin
  9. wakwak crow
  10. bim painting

3. More easy words[edit]

  1. kukak night
  2. kundad leg
  3. mankabo river
  4. kunkeb nose
  5. kunbolk country
  6. kundang mouth
  7. delek white clay
  8. yabok sister
  9. namud family
  10. bod fly

4. Words ending with palatal sounds[edit]

(Hyperarticulate initially, e.g. bi.ni.njə, then don't release the nj)

  1. bininj person, aboriginal person, man
  2. kunkanj meat
  3. kunj kangaroo
  4. kunkanj meat
  5. djenj fish
  6. djedje woman's child
  7. marladj orphan
  8. kunkodj head
  9. kunmadj personal effects
  10. kundedj buttocks

5. Words with initial velar nasals[edit]

  1. ngaye I
  2. ngudda you
  3. ngalekke she
  4. nganabbarru buffalo
  5. ngalyod rainbow serpent
  6. kundenge foot - NB syllable boundary (kun.de.nge)
  7. kunngey name
  8. kunngarbek hair
  9. kunngudj strength
  10. manngarre bushes

6. Words with retroflex consonants[edit]

  1. rdarda younger sibling
  2. rdird moon, month, usually written "dird"
  3. kunbard knee
  4. wurdurd child
  5. ngardduk my, mine (rdd = rdrd)
  6. kunberl arm
  7. berluh aunty
  8. kunbirli light, flame
  9. manlabbarl waterhole
  10. kornkumo father

7. Words ending in glottal stop[edit]

(Cf English uh-uh.)

  1. mah ok
  2. baleh? where?
  3. mimih spirit being
  4. mayh animal
  5. yoh yes
  6. manbolh track
  7. milh forhead
  8. bokenh two
  9. kunkurlah skin
  10. wakih prawn

8. Words with flap or trill[edit]

  1. djarrang horse
  2. kurrung build up season
  3. karrang mother
  4. birriwern everyone
  5. namarrkon lightning
  6. wilarrk egg
  7. modjarrkki freshwater crocodile
  8. nakurrng poison cousin
  9. bengwarr deaf person
  10. kunberr fun

9. Words with combinations of difficult sounds[edit]

  1. ngalkohbanj old lady
  2. ngadjadj uncle
  3. ngadburrung sibling
  4. kunngorrk waist
  5. ngarradj sulphur-crested cockatoo
  6. yawurrinj young man
  7. korlonj man's child
  8. ngalng yabby
  9. manberlnginj clapstick
  10. djalangkarridj-djalangkarridj dragonfly

10. Useful words with notable combinations of meanings[edit]

  1. manbuyika next, previous
  2. wolewoleh afternoon, yesterday
  3. malaywi morning, tomorrow
  4. korroko just now, a long time ago
  5. kundung sun, hour
  6. kundjikka milk, breast
  7. kunwardde stone, money
  8. mako gun, didjeridoo
  9. kudjewk year, wet season
  10. dabborrabbolk elders, old people, ancestors