Conjugations: Difference between revisions

Jump to navigation Jump to search
m
StevenBird moved page Verb Conjugations to Conjugations
(Initial version)
Tags: Mobile edit Mobile web edit
 
m (StevenBird moved page Verb Conjugations to Conjugations)
 
(12 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
__NOTOC__
 
In order to use the various forms of a Kunwok verb, you need to know which class (or "conjugation") it is in. The table below shows the conjugation patterns of the 11 verb classes. A longer list of [[Verbs]] is available. Below the table, you will find a guide to the grammatical terms used in the table and notes on each of the conjugation patterns.
 
<!-- Please keep the list in ALPHABETIC ORDER. Thank you! -->
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
!Nonpast!!Conj!!Past Perfective!!Past Imperfective!!Imperative!!Irrealis!!English
|-
| bakyi'''me''' || 1 || bakyi'''meng''' || bakyi'''meni''' || bakyi'''men''' || bakyi'''meninj''' || breaksay, do, call, (intrans)act
|-
| bebngal'''meke''' || 12a || bebngal'''mengkeng''' || bebngal'''menikeni''' || bebngal'''menkemen''' || bebngal'''meninjkeyinj''' || come out, appear, arrivefind
|-
| bekdo'''kanwen''' || 32b || bekdo'''kangweng''' || bekdo'''kaniweni''' || bekdo'''kawemen''' || bekdo'''kayinjwemeninj''' || feeldie, hear, touch,feel listenunwell
|-
| bimbek'''bunkan''' || 4b3a || bimbek'''bomkang''' || bimbek'''bunikani''' || bimbek'''buka''' || bimbek'''buyinjkayinj''' || writefeel, hear, drawtouch, paintlisten
|-
| borlbnah'''menan''' || 1 3b || borlbnah'''mengnang''' || borlbnah'''meninani''' || borlbnah'''menna''' || borlbnah'''meninjnayinj''' || learn,look becomeafter, familiarwatch withover
|-
| borledba'''mewon''' || 1 3c || borledba'''mengwong''' || borledba'''meniwoni''' || borledba'''menwo''' || borledba'''meninjwoyinj''' || turnleave, aroundgive (intrans)up
|-
| buya'''rrenwan''' || 10 4a || buya'''rrinjwam''' || buya'''rreniwani''' || buya'''rremenwa''' || buya'''rremeninjwayi(nj)''' || fightlook for
|-
| bim'''dangenbun''' || 6a 4b || bim'''danginjbom''' || bim'''dangenibuni''' || bim'''dangimenbu''' || bim'''dangemeninjbuyinj''' || standwrite, draw, uppaint
|-
| dangbalh'''me''' || 1 || dangbalh'''meng''' || dangbalh'''meni''' || dangbalh'''men''' || dangbalh'''meninj''' || close
|-
| derreh'''me''' || 1 || derreh'''meng''' || derreh'''meni''' || derreh'''men''' || derreh'''meninj''' || move closer
|-
| '''di''' || 7a || '''di''' || '''di''' || '''din''' || '''diwirrinj''' || be, be standing
|-
| dok'''me''' || 1 || dok'''meng''' || dok'''meni''' || dok'''men''' || dok'''meninj''' || set off, get going
|-
| do'''wen''' || 2b || do'''weng''' || do'''weni''' || do'''wemen''' || do'''wemeninj''' || die, feel unwell
|-
| '''dirung''' || 7a 5a || '''diruy''' || '''dirungi''' || '''dinru''' || '''diwirrinjruyinj''' || be, be standing || burn
|-
| durn'''deng''' || 5b || durn'''di''' || durn'''dengi''' || durn'''de''' || durn'''deyi(nj)''' || return
|-
| karr'''memang''' || 15c || karr'''mengmey''' || karr'''menimangi''' || karr'''menma''' || karr'''meninjmayi''' || have, hold, keeptake, touchget
|-
| kurr'''medangen''' || 16a || kurr'''mengdanginj''' || kurr'''menidangeni''' || kurr'''mendangimen''' || kurr'''meninjdangemeninj''' || put,stand placeup
|-
| lobway'''medan''' || 16b || lobway'''mengdi''' || lobway'''menidanj''' || lobway'''menda''' || lobway'''meninjdangemeninj''' || run, drive,be functionraised
|-
| mad'''bundi''' || 4b7a || mad'''bomdi''' || mad'''bunidi''' || mad'''budin''' || mad'''buyinjdiwirrinj''' || be, be || waitstanding
|-
| mwok'''angdi''' || 5c7b || mwok'''eydanj''' || mwok'''angidi''' || mwok'''adin''' || mwok'''ayidiwirrinj''' || taketalk, getspeak
|-
| ngal'''keyo''' || 2a8 || ngal'''kengyoy''' || ngal'''keniyoy''' || ngal'''kemenyun''' || ngal'''keyinjyuwirrinj''' || findlie
|-
| '''nire''' || 7a9 || '''niwam''' || '''nirayi''' || '''ninray''' || '''niwirrinjrayinj''' || be, be sittinggo
|-
| njudbu'''merren''' || 110 || njudbu'''mengrrinj''' || njudbu'''menirreni''' || njudbu'''menrremen''' || njudbu'''meninjrremeninj''' || blow nosefight
|-
| '''re''' || 9 || '''wam''' || r'''ayi''' || r'''ay''' || r'''ayinj''' || go
|-
| rohrok'''me''' || 1 || rohrok'''meng''' || rohrok'''meni''' || rohrok'''men''' || rohrok'''meninj''' || try, attempt
|-
| r'''ung''' || 5a || r'''uy''' || r'''ungi''' || r'''u''' || r'''uyinj''' || burn
|-
| warre'''men''' || 11 || warre'''minj''' || warre'''meni''' || warre'''mimen''' || warre'''meninj''' || go bad
|-
| way'''dan''' || 6b || way'''di''' || way'''danj''' || way'''da''' || way'''dangemeninj''' || be raised
|-
| wok'''di''' || 7b || wok'''danj''' || wok'''di''' || wok'''din''' || wok'''diwirrinj''' || talk, speak
|-
| wung'''me''' || 1 || wung'''meng''' || wung'''meni''' || wung'''men''' || wung'''meninj''' || smoke
|-
| wurleb'''me''' || 1 || wurleb'''meng''' || wurleb'''meni''' || wurleb'''men''' || wurleb'''meninj''' || swim, go into water, bathe, shower
|-
| ya'''wan''' || 4a || ya'''wam''' || ya'''wani''' || ya'''wa''' || ya'''wayi(nj)''' || look for
|-
| ya'''me''' || 1 || ya'''meng''' || ya'''meni''' || ya'''men''' || ya'''meninj''' || spear
|-
| yi'''me''' || 1 || yi'''meng''' || yi'''meni''' || yi'''men''' || yi'''meninj''' || say, do, call, act
|-
| '''yo''' || 8 || '''yoy''' || '''yoy''' || '''yun''' || '''yuwirrinj''' || lie
|-
| yolyol'''me''' || 1 || yolyol'''meng''' || yolyol'''meni''' || yolyol'''men''' || yolyol'''meninj''' || tell story, relate news
|-
|}
 
 
==Notes on grammatical terms==
 
*'''Non-past''' is the verb form to use for present tense and future tense, e.g. ''ngaborrkke'' (I dance, I am dancing, I do dance, I will dance)
*'''Irrealis''' is used when the action is unsure or a negative in the past tense, e.g. ''minj ngaborrkmeninj'' (I didn't dance, I wouldn't dance), ''yiborrkmeninj?'' (Did you dance?, Were you dancing?, Would you dance?, Would you have danced?, Were you going to dance?)
 
<big>'''==Conjugation Classes'''</big>==
 
Verbs can be grouped into several classes based on their pattern of conjugation. The table above lists some Bininj Kunwok verbs and the conjugation class that the verb belongs to. Here is a summary of the groups according to their non-past endings
* '''Conjugation Group 1:''' This group ends in ''-me''
* '''Conjugation Group 2:''' This group ends in ''-ke'', ''-ye'' or ''-we(n)''
* '''Conjugation Group 9:''' This group ends in ''-re''
* '''Conjugation Group 10:''' This group ends in ''-rren''
* '''Conjugation Group 11:''' This group ends in ''-men''. Note that there is a vowel change in the past perfective. These verbs are generally derived from [[Adjectives]].
Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.

Navigation menu