Difference between revisions of "Verbs"

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This page lists Kunwok verbs. For information about the various forms of the verb, please see [[Verb Conjugations]]. Note that verbs sometimes incorporate nouns, e.g. '''bolk'''nan (country-look, ie look around), '''bo'''wurlhke (water-burn, ie boil). Sometimes, the meaning mightn't be predictable from the parts, e.g. '''bolk'''mang (country-get, ie arrive).
+
This page lists Kunwok verbs. For information about the various forms of the verb, please see [[Verb Conjugations]]. For verbs derived from adjectives see [[Adjectives]].
 +
 
 +
Note that verbs sometimes incorporate nouns, e.g. '''bolk'''nan (country-look, ie look around), '''bo'''wurlhke (water-burn, ie boil). Sometimes, the meaning mightn't be predictable from the parts, e.g. '''bolk'''mang (country-get, ie arrive).
  
 
When the meaning of a verb is predictable from its parts, we don't bother listing it.
 
When the meaning of a verb is predictable from its parts, we don't bother listing it.
 
You need to strip off the incorporated noun when looking up the verb.
 
You need to strip off the incorporated noun when looking up the verb.
 
For example, to find the past perfective for "bolknan", look up "nan" to find "nang" then you have it: "bolknang".
 
For example, to find the past perfective for "bolknan", look up "nan" to find "nang" then you have it: "bolknang".
 
<!-- Please keep the list in ALPHABETIC ORDER. Thank you! -->
 
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
!Nonpast!!Conj!!Past Perfective!!Past Imperfective!!Imperative!!Irrealis!!English
 
!Nonpast!!Conj!!Past Perfective!!Past Imperfective!!Imperative!!Irrealis!!English
 
|-
 
|-
| bak'''me'''      || 1  || bak'''meng'''      || bak'''meni'''      || bak'''men'''      || bak'''meninj'''      || break (intrans)
+
| -bak'''me'''      || 1  || -bak'''meng'''      || -bak'''meni'''      || -bak'''men'''      || -bak'''meninj'''      || break (intrans)
 +
|-
 +
| -bak'''ke'''      || 2 || -bak'''keng'''      || -bak'''keni'''      || -bak'''kemen'''    || -bak'''kemeninj'''      || break (trans)
 +
|-
 +
| -barl'''ke'''    || 2 || -barl'''keng'''    || -barl'''keni'''    || -barl'''kemen'''  || -barl'''kemeninj'''    || fill
 +
|-
 +
| -ba'''won'''      || 3c || -ba'''wong'''      || -ba'''woni'''      || -ba'''wo'''        || -ba'''woyinj'''      || leave, give up
 +
|-
 +
| -bale'''won'''    || 3c || -bale'''wong'''    || -bale'''woni'''    || -bale'''wo'''      || -bale'''woyinj'''    || clean
 +
|-
 +
| -bang'''men'''    || 11 || -bang'''minj'''    || -bang'''meni'''    || -bang'''mimen'''  || -bang'''meninj'''    || become aggressive or violent
 +
|-
 +
| -ba'''ye'''      || 2 || -ba'''yeng'''      || -ba'''yeni'''      || -ba'''yemen'''    || -ba'''yemeninj'''      || bite
 +
|-
 +
| -beb'''me'''      || 1  || -beb'''meng'''      || -beb'''meni'''      || -beb'''men'''      || -beb'''meninj'''      || come out, appear, arrive
 +
|-
 +
| -beb'''ke'''      || 2 || -beb'''keng'''      || -beb'''keni'''      || -beb'''kemen'''    || -beb'''kemeninj'''      || take out, reveal
 
|-
 
|-
| bak'''ke'''     || 2 || bak'''keng'''      || bak'''keni'''      || bak'''kemen'''   || bak'''kemeninj'''      || break (trans)
+
| -bek'''kan'''     || 3a || -bek'''kang'''      || -bek'''kani'''      || -bek'''ka'''       || -bek'''kayinj'''      || feel, hear, touch, listen
 
|-
 
|-
| barl'''ke'''     || 2 || barl'''keng'''     || barl'''keni'''    || barl'''kemen'''   || barl'''kemeninj'''    || fill
+
| -beng'''bun'''   || 4b || -beng'''bom'''     || -beng'''buni'''    || -beng'''bu'''     || -beng'''buyinj'''    || annoy, disturb
 
|-
 
|-
| ba'''won'''     || 3c || ba'''wong'''       || ba'''woni'''       || ba'''wo'''       || ba'''woyinj'''       || leave, give up
+
| -bengdayh'''ke''' || 2 || -bengdayh'''keng''' || -bengdayh'''keni''' || -bengdayh'''kemen''' || -bengdayh'''kemeninj'''     || inform, let know
 
|-
 
|-
| bale'''won'''   || 3c || bale'''wong'''     || bale'''woni'''     || bale'''wo'''     || bale'''woyinj'''    || clean
+
| -bengdayh'''me''' || 1 || -bengdayh'''meng''' || -bengdayh'''meni''' || -bengdayh'''men''' || -bengdayh'''meninj'''    || realise
 
|-
 
|-
| bang'''men'''   || 11 || bang'''minj'''     || bang'''meni'''     || bang'''mimen'''   || bang'''meninj'''     || become aggressive or violent
+
| -beng'''di''' || 7 || -beng'''di'''   || -beng'''di''' || -beng'''din''' || -beng'''diwirrinj''' || sit waiting for word, for something to happen
 
|-
 
|-
| ba'''ye'''       || 2 || ba'''yeng'''       || ba'''yeni'''       || ba'''yemen'''     || ba'''yemeninj'''     || bite
+
| -beng'''kan'''   || 3a || -beng'''kang'''     || -beng'''kani'''     || -beng'''ka'''     || -beng'''kayinj'''     || think, know, understand
 
|-
 
|-
| beb'''me'''     || 1  || beb'''meng'''     || beb'''meni'''     || beb'''men'''     || beb'''meninj'''     || come out, appear, arrive
+
| -bengmayah'''me''' || 1  || -bengmayah'''meng''' || -bengmayah'''meni''' || -bengmayah'''men''' || -bengmayah'''meninj'''   || be confused
 
|-
 
|-
| beb'''ke'''     || 2 || beb'''keng'''     || beb'''keni'''     || beb'''kemen'''   || beb'''kemeninj'''      || take out, reveal
+
| -bunjh'''mang''' || 5c || -bunjh'''mey'''     || -bunjh'''mangi'''   || -bunjh'''ma'''     || -bunjh'''mayi'''      || kiss
 
|-
 
|-
| bek'''kan'''    || 3a || bek'''kang'''     || bek'''kani'''      || bek'''ka'''      || bek'''kayinj'''      || feel, hear, touch, listen
+
| -bid'''bun'''    || 4b || -bid'''bom'''       || -bid'''buni'''      || -bid'''bu'''      || -bid'''buyinj'''      || get in, climb
 
|-
 
|-
| beng'''bun'''   || 4b || beng'''bom'''     || beng'''buni'''     || beng'''bu'''     || beng'''buyinj'''     || annoy, disturb
+
| -biddjib'''me''' || || -biddjib'''meng''' || -biddjib'''meni''' || -biddjib'''men''' || -biddjib'''meninj''' || stir, mix
 
|-
 
|-
| bengdayh'''ke''' || 2 || bengdayh'''keng''' || bengdayh'''keni''' || bengdayh'''kemen''' || bengdayh'''kemeninj'''     || inform, let know
+
| -bim'''bun'''     || 4b || -bim'''bom'''       || -bim'''buni'''     || -bim'''bu'''       || -bim'''buyinj'''     || write, draw, paint
 
|-
 
|-
| beng'''di''' || 7 || beng'''di'''    || beng'''di''' || beng'''din''' || beng'''diwirrinj''' || sit waiting for word, for something to happen
+
| -birrh'''me'''   || || -birrh'''meng'''    || -birrh'''meni'''   || -birrh'''men'''   || -birrh'''meninj'''   || rake, clean, clear up
 
|-
 
|-
| beng'''kan'''   || 3a || beng'''kang'''     || beng'''kani'''     || beng'''ka'''     || beng'''kayinj'''    || think, know, understand
+
| -biw'''ke'''     || 2 || -biw'''keng'''       || -biw'''keni'''     || -biw'''kemen'''   || -biw'''kemeninj'''    || bend
 
|-
 
|-
| bunjh'''mang''' || 5c || bunjh'''mey'''     || bunjh'''mangi'''   || bunjh'''ma'''     || bunjh'''mayi'''     || kiss
+
| -bodahken'''dong''' || 5a || -bodahken'''doy''' || -bodahken'''dongi''' || -bodahken'''do''' || -bodahken'''doyinj''' || fill container with liquid, refuel vehicle
 
|-
 
|-
| bid'''bun'''     || 4b || bid'''bom'''       || bid'''buni'''     || bid'''bu'''       || bid'''buyinj'''     || get in, climb
+
| -borlb'''me'''   || || -borlb'''meng'''   || -borlb'''meni'''   || -borlb'''men'''   || -borlb'''meninj'''   || learn, become familiar with
 
|-
 
|-
| biddjib'''me''' || 1  || biddjib'''meng''' || biddjib'''meni''' || biddjib'''men''' || biddjib'''meninj''' || stir, mix
+
| -borled'''me'''   || 1  || -borled'''meng'''   || -borled'''meni'''   || -borled'''men'''   || -borled'''meninj'''   || turn/go around (intrans)
 
|-
 
|-
| bim'''bun'''     || 4b || bim'''bom'''       || bim'''buni'''     || bim'''bu'''       || bim'''buyinj'''     || write, draw, paint
+
| -borled'''ke'''   || 2 || -borled'''keng'''   || -borled'''keni'''   || -borled'''kemen''' || -borled'''kemeninj'''   || turn/go around (trans)
 
|-
 
|-
| birrh'''me'''    || || birrh'''meng'''    || birrh'''meni'''    || birrh'''men'''   || birrh'''meninj'''    || rake, clean, clear up
+
| -borrk'''ke'''    || 2 || -borrk'''keng'''    || -borrk'''keni'''    || -borrk'''kemen''' || -borrk'''kemeninj'''    || dance
 
|-
 
|-
| biw'''ke'''     || 2 || biw'''keng'''      || biw'''keni'''     || biw'''kemen'''   || biw'''kemeninj'''     || bend
+
| -bo'''we'''       || 2 || -bo'''weng'''      || -bo'''weni'''       || -bo'''wemen'''     || -bo'''wemeninj'''     || tip liquid out
 
|-
 
|-
| bodahken'''dong''' || 5a || bodahken'''doy''' || bodahken'''dongi''' || bodahken'''do''' || bodahken'''doyinj''' || fill container with liquid, refuel vehicle
+
| -buh'''me'''     || || -buh'''meng'''     || -buh'''meni'''     || -buh'''men'''     || -buh'''meninj'''     || blow
 
|-
 
|-
| borlb'''me'''   || || borlb'''meng'''    || borlb'''meni'''   || borlb'''men'''   || borlb'''meninj'''   || learn, become familiar with
+
| -bukirri'''bun''' || 4b || -bukirri'''bom'''    || -bukirri'''buni''' || -bukirri'''bu'''   || -bukirri'''buyinj''' || dream
 
|-
 
|-
| borled'''me'''   || || borled'''meng'''   || borled'''meni'''   || borled'''men'''   || borled'''meninj'''   || turn/go around (intrans)
+
| -buk'''kan'''     || 3a || -buk'''kang'''     || -buk'''kani'''     || -buk'''ka'''       || -buk'''kayinj'''     || teach, show
 
|-
 
|-
| borled'''ke'''   || 2 || borled'''keng'''   || borled'''keni'''   || borled'''kemen''' || borled'''kemeninj'''   || turn/go around (trans)
+
| -'''bun'''         || 4b || -'''bom'''           || -'''buni'''         || -'''bu'''           || -'''buyinj'''         || hit, kill
 
|-
 
|-
| borrk'''ke'''    || 2 || borrk'''keng'''   || borrk'''keni'''   || borrk'''kemen''' || borrk'''kemeninj'''   || dance
+
| -burr'''bun'''    || 4b || -burr'''bom'''     || -burr'''buni'''     || -burr'''bu'''     || -burr'''buyinj'''     || know, understand, think
 
|-
 
|-
| bo'''we'''       || 2 || bo'''weng'''       || bo'''weni'''       || bo'''wemen'''     || bo'''wemeninj'''     || tip liquid out
+
| -bu'''rren'''     || 10 || -bu'''rrinj'''     || -bu'''rreni'''     || -bu'''rremen'''   || -bu'''rremeninj'''   || fight (reflexive of "bun")
 
|-
 
|-
| buh'''me'''     || || buh'''meng'''     || buh'''meni'''     || buh'''men'''     || buh'''meninj'''     || blow
+
| -burrk'''nan'''   || 3b || -burrk'''nang'''   || -burrk'''nani'''   || -burrk'''na'''     || -burrk'''nayinj'''   || recognise
 
|-
 
|-
| bukirri'''bun''' || 4b || bukirri'''bom'''   || bukirri'''buni''' || bukirri'''bu'''  || bukirri'''buyinj''' || dream
+
| -dadj'''ke'''     || 2 || -dadj'''keng'''     || -dadj'''keni'''     || -dadj'''kemen'''  || -dadj'''kemeninj'''   || cut, chop
 
|-
 
|-
| buk'''kan'''    || 3a || buk'''kang'''     || buk'''kani'''     || buk'''ka'''       || buk'''kayinj'''      || teach, show
+
| -dadj'''me'''    || || -dadj'''meng'''     || -dadj'''meni'''     || -dadj'''men'''     || -dadj'''meninj'''      || cease
 
|-
 
|-
|'''bun'''         || 4b ||'''bom'''           ||'''buni'''         ||'''bu'''           ||'''buyinj'''         || hit, kill
+
| -dahken'''dong''' || 5a || -dahken'''doy'''   || -dahken'''dongi''' || -dahken'''do'''   || -dahken'''doyinj'''   || put in container
 
|-
 
|-
| burr'''bun'''   || 4b || burr'''bom'''     || burr'''buni'''     || burr'''bu'''     || burr'''buyinj'''     || know, understand, think
+
| -daleh'''men'''   || 11 || -daleh'''minj'''     || -daleh'''meni'''   || -daleh'''mimen''' || -daleh'''meninj'''   || dry up, get dry (esp of country)
 
|-
 
|-
| bu'''rren'''     || 10 || bu'''rrinj'''     || bu'''rreni'''     || bu'''rremen'''   || bu'''rremeninj'''   || fight (reflexive of "bun")
+
| -dangbalh'''me''' || || -dangbalh'''meng''' || -dangbalh'''meni'''|| -dangbalh'''men''' || -dangbalh'''meninj''' || close
 
|-
 
|-
| burrk'''nan'''   || 3b || burrk'''nang'''   || burrk'''nani'''   || burrk'''na'''     || burrk'''nayinj'''   || recognise
+
| -dangwe'''rren''' || 10 || -dangwe'''rrinj'''   || -dangwe'''rreni''' || -dangwe'''rremen''' || -dangwe'''rremeninj''' || argue with each other
 
|-
 
|-
| dadj'''ke'''     || 2 || dadj'''keng'''     || dadj'''keni'''     || dadj'''kemen'''   || dadj'''kemeninj'''   || cut, chop
+
| -dedj'''dong'''   || 5a || -dedj'''doy'''       || -dedj'''dongi'''   || -dedj'''do'''     || -dedj'''doyinj'''     || copulate (vulg.) ''pron dedjong''
 
|-
 
|-
| dadj'''me'''     || 1  || dadj'''meng'''     || dadj'''meni'''     || dadj'''men'''     || dadj'''meninj'''     || cease
+
| -derreh'''me'''   || 1  || -derreh'''meng'''   || -derreh'''meni''' || -derreh'''men'''   || -derreh'''meninj'''   || move closer
 
|-
 
|-
| dahken'''dong''' || 5a || dahken'''doy'''    || dahken'''dongi'''  || dahken'''do'''   || dahken'''doyinj'''  || put in container
+
| -derreh'''ke'''   || 2 || -derreh'''keng'''    || -derreh'''keni'''  || -derreh'''kemen''' || -derreh'''kemeninj'''  || shift along, move over (trans)
 
|-
 
|-
| daleh'''men'''   || 11 || daleh'''minj'''     || daleh'''meni'''   || daleh'''mimen''' || daleh'''meninj'''   || dry up, get dry (esp of country)
+
| -'''di'''         || 7 || -'''di'''           || -'''di'''         || -'''din'''         || -'''diwirrinj'''     || be, be standing
 
|-
 
|-
| dangbalh'''me''' || || dangbalh'''meng''' || dangbalh'''meni'''|| dangbalh'''men''' || dangbalh'''meninj''' || close
+
| -di'''rri'''     || 7 || -di'''rri'''         || -di'''rri'''       || -di'''rrin'''     || -di'''rriwirrinj'''   || play
 
|-
 
|-
| dangwe'''rren''' || 10 || dangwe'''rrinj'''   || dangwe'''rreni''' || dangwe'''rremen''' || dangwe'''rremeninj''' || argue with each other
+
| -dile'''bun'''   || 4b || -dile'''bom'''     || -dile'''buni'''   || -dile'''bu'''     || -dile'''buyinj'''     || urinate
 
|-
 
|-
| dedj'''dong'''  || 5a || dedj'''doy'''      || dedj'''dongi'''  || dedj'''do'''      || dedj'''doyinj'''    || copulate (vulg.) ''pron dedjong''
+
| -djak'''dung'''  || 5a || -djak'''duy'''      || -djak'''dungi'''  || -djak'''du'''      || -djak'''duyinj'''    || rain
 
|-
 
|-
| derreh'''me'''  || || derreh'''meng'''   || derreh'''meni''' || derreh'''men'''   || derreh'''meninj'''   || move closer
+
| -djang'''kan'''  || 3a || -djang'''kang'''     || -djang'''kani'''   || -djang'''ka'''     || -djang'''kayinj'''   || go hunting
 
|-
 
|-
| derreh'''ke'''   || 2 || derreh'''keng'''    || derreh'''keni''' || derreh'''kemen''' || derreh'''kemeninj'''   || shift along, move over (trans)
+
| -djarrng'''bun''' || 4b || -djarrng'''bom'''    || -djarrng'''buni''' || -djarrng'''bu'''   || -djarrng'''buyinj''' || choose
 
|-
 
|-
| '''di'''         || 7 || '''di'''           || '''di'''         || '''din'''         || '''diwirrinj'''     || be, be standing
+
| -dja'''wan'''     || 4a || -dja'''wam'''       || -dja'''wani'''     || -dja'''wa'''       || -dja'''wayi(nj)'''   || ask
 
|-
 
|-
| di'''rri'''     || 7 || di'''rri'''         || di'''rri'''       || di'''rrin'''      || di'''rriwirrinj'''   || play
+
| -djih'''bun'''   || 4b || -djih'''bom'''     || -djih'''buni'''     || -djih'''bu'''      || -djih'''buyinj'''     || sneeze
 
|-
 
|-
| dile'''bun'''   || 4b || dile'''bom'''      || dile'''buni'''   || dile'''bu'''     || dile'''buyinj'''     || urinate
+
| -djird'''mang''' || 5c || -djird'''mey'''      || -djird'''mangi''' || -djird'''ma'''     || -djird'''mayi'''     || steal
 
|-
 
|-
| djak'''dung'''   || 5a || djak'''duy'''       || djak'''dungi'''   || djak'''du'''     || djak'''duyinj'''    || rain
+
| -djob'''ke'''     || 2 || -djob'''keng'''     || -djob'''keni'''   || -djob'''kemen'''   || -djob'''kemeninj'''    || cut, slice
 
|-
 
|-
| djang'''kan'''   || 3a || djang'''kang'''     || djang'''kani'''   || djang'''ka'''    || djang'''kayinj'''   || go hunting
+
| -djongbu'''rren''' || 10 || -djongbu'''rrinj''' || -djongbu'''rreni''' || -djongbu'''rremen''' || -djongbu'''rremeninj''' || get dressed
|-  
 
| djarrng'''bun''' || 4b || djarrng'''bom'''    || djarrng'''buni''' || djarrng'''bu'''  || djarrng'''buyinj''' || choose
 
 
|-
 
|-
| djih'''bun'''   || 4b || djih'''bom'''     || djih'''buni'''     || djih'''bu'''     || djih'''buyinj'''     || sneeze
+
| -djord'''men'''   || 11 || -djord'''minj'''     || -djord'''meni'''   || -djord'''mimen''' || -djord'''meninj'''   || grow up (living being), mature
 
|-
 
|-
| djird'''mang'''  || 5c || djird'''mey'''      || djird'''mangi'''  || djird'''ma'''    || djird'''mayi'''     || steal
+
| -djorn'''dong'''  || 5a || -djorn'''doy'''      || -djorn'''dongi'''  || -djorn'''do'''    || -djorn'''doyinj'''   || pound
 
|-
 
|-
| djob'''ke'''     || 2 || djob'''keng'''     || djob'''keni'''   || djob'''kemen'''   || djob'''kemeninj'''     || cut, slice
+
| -djowk'''ke'''   || 2 || -djowk'''keng'''     || -djowk'''keni'''   || -djowk'''kemen''' || -djowk'''kemeninj'''   || cross over
 
|-
 
|-
| djongbu'''rren''' || 10 || djongbu'''rrinj''' || djongbu'''rreni''' || djongbu'''rremen''' || djongbu'''rremeninj''' || get dressed
+
| -djuh'''ke'''     || 2 || -djuh'''keng'''     || -djuh'''keni'''   || -djuh'''kemen'''   || -djuh'''kemeninj'''     || splash (trans)
 
|-
 
|-
| djord'''men'''   || 11 || djord'''minj'''    || djord'''meni'''   || djord'''mimen''' || djord'''meninj'''   || grow up (living being), mature
+
| -djurrk'''mang''' || 5c || -djurrk'''mey'''    || -djurrk'''mangi''' || -djurrk'''ma'''   || -djurrk'''mayi'''     || pull
 
|-
 
|-
| djorn'''dong'''  || 5a || djorn'''doy'''     || djorn'''dongi'''  || djorn'''do'''     || djorn'''doyinj'''   || pound
+
| -djurrk'''won'''  || 3c || -djurrk'''wong'''   || -djurrk'''woni'''  || -djurrk'''wo'''   || -djurrk'''woyinj'''   || get excited, be enthusiastic
 
|-
 
|-
| djowk'''ke'''   || 2 || djowk'''keng'''     || djowk'''keni'''   || djowk'''kemen''' || djowk'''kemeninj'''   || cross over
+
| -dok'''me'''     || || -dok'''meng'''       || -dok'''meni'''     || -dok'''men'''     || -dok'''meninj'''     || set off, get going
 
|-
 
|-
| djuh'''ke'''     || 2 || djuh'''keng'''      || djuh'''keni'''    || djuh'''kemen'''   || djuh'''kemeninj'''    || splash (trans)
+
| -dolk'''kan'''   || 3a || -dolk'''kang'''      || -dolk'''kani'''    || -dolk'''ka'''     || -dolk'''kayinj'''    || stand up
 
|-
 
|-
| djurrk'''mang''' || 5c || djurrk'''mey'''     || djurrk'''mangi''' || djurrk'''ma'''   || djurrk'''mayi'''     || pull
+
| -dom'''bun'''     || 4b || -dom'''bom'''       || -dom'''buni'''     || -dom'''bu'''       || -dom'''buyinj'''     || extinguish
 
|-
 
|-
| djurrk'''won''' || 3c || djurrk'''wong'''   || djurrk'''woni''' || djurrk'''wo'''   || djurrk'''woyinj'''   || get excited, be enthusiastic
+
| -'''dong'''       || 5a || -'''doy'''           || -'''dongi'''       || -'''do'''         || -'''doyinj'''         || strike
 
|-
 
|-
| dok'''me'''      || 1 || dok'''meng'''       || dok'''meni'''     || dok'''men'''     || dok'''meninj'''     || set off, get going
+
| -do'''wen'''      || 2 || -do'''weng'''       || -do'''weni'''     || -do'''wemen'''     || -do'''wemeninj'''     || die, feel unwell
 
|-
 
|-
| dolk'''kan'''    || 3a || dolk'''kang'''      || dolk'''kani'''    || dolk'''ka'''      || dolk'''kayinj'''    || stand up
+
| -du'''dje'''      || 2 || -du'''djeng'''      || -du'''djeni'''      || -du'''djemen'''   || -du'''djemeninj'''   || plant, bury
|-  
 
| dom'''bun'''    || 4b || dom'''bom'''      || dom'''buni'''      || dom'''bu'''       || dom'''buyinj'''     || extinguish
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''dong'''       || 5a || '''doy'''           || '''dongi'''       || '''do'''         || '''doyinj'''         || strike
+
| -duk'''kan'''     || 3a || -duk'''kang'''       || -duk'''kani'''     || -duk'''ka'''       || -duk'''kayinj'''     || tie up
 
|-
 
|-
| do'''wen'''     || || do'''weng'''       || do'''weni'''     || do'''wemen'''     || do'''wemeninj'''    || die, feel unwell
+
| -dulu'''bun'''   || 4b || -dulu'''bom'''     || -dulu'''buni'''     || -dulu'''bu'''     || -dulu'''buyinj'''    || shoot, pierce
 
|-
 
|-
| du'''dje'''     || 2 || du'''djeng'''       || du'''djeni'''     || du'''djemen'''   || du'''djemeninj'''   || plant, bury
+
| -'''dung'''       || 5a || -'''duy'''         || -'''dungi'''       || -'''du'''         || -'''duyinj'''     || swear at
 
|-
 
|-
| duk'''kan'''     || 3a || duk'''kang'''       || duk'''kani'''     || duk'''ka'''      || duk'''kayinj'''      || tie up
+
| -durn'''deng'''   || 5b || -durn'''di'''       || -durn'''dengi'''   || -durn'''de'''      || -durn'''deyi(nj)'''   || return
|-  
 
| dulu'''bun'''    || 4b || dulu'''bom'''      || dulu'''buni'''    || dulu'''bu'''      || dulu'''buyinj'''     || shoot, pierce
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''dung'''       || 5a || '''duy'''         || '''dungi'''       || '''du'''         || '''duyinj'''     || swear at
+
| -du'''rren'''     || 10 || -du'''rrinj'''       || -du'''rreni'''     || -du'''rremen'''   || -du'''rremeninj'''   || abuse or curse each other (reflexive of "dung")
 
|-
 
|-
| durn'''deng'''   || 5b || durn'''di'''       || durn'''dengi'''   || durn'''de'''     || durn'''deyi(nj)'''   || return
+
| -durrkmi'''rri''' || 7 || -durrkmi'''rri'''   || -durrkmi'''rri''' || -durrkmi'''rrin''' || -durrkmi'''rriwirrinj''' || work
 
|-
 
|-
| du'''rren'''     || 10 || du'''rrinj'''       || du'''rreni'''     || du'''rremen'''   || du'''rremeninj'''   || abuse or curse each other (reflexive of "dung")
+
| -ka'''bun'''     || 4b || -ka'''bom'''         || -ka'''buni'''     || -ka'''bu'''       || -ka'''buyinj'''       || nurse
 
|-
 
|-
| durrkmi'''rri''' || 7 || durrkmi'''rri'''   || durrkmi'''rri''' || durrkmi'''rrin''' || durrkmi'''rriwirrinj''' || work
+
| -ka'''djung'''   || 5a || -ka'''djuy'''       || -ka'''djungi'''   || -ka'''dju'''       || -ka'''djuyinj'''     || follow
 
|-
 
|-
| ka'''bun'''     || 4b || ka'''bom'''         || ka'''buni'''     || ka'''bu'''       || ka'''buyinj'''       || nurse
+
| -kali'''kan'''   || 3a || -kali'''kang'''     || -kali'''kani'''   || -kali'''ka'''     || -kali'''kayinj'''     || have sex with
 
|-
 
|-
| ka'''djung'''   || 5a || ka'''djuy'''       || ka'''djungi'''   || ka'''dju'''       || ka'''djuyinj'''     || follow
+
| -'''kan'''       || 3a || -'''kang'''         || -'''kani'''       || -'''ka'''         || -'''kayinj'''         || take, carry along
 
|-
 
|-
| '''kan'''       || 3a || '''kang'''         || '''kani'''       || '''ka'''         || '''kayinj'''         || take, carry along
+
| -kard'''mang'''   || 5c || -kard'''mey'''       || -kard'''mangi'''   || -kard'''ma'''     || -kard'''mayi'''       || catch fish (with hook)
 
|-
 
|-
| kard'''mang'''   || 5c || kard'''mey'''       || kard'''mangi'''   || kard'''ma'''     || kard'''mayi'''       || catch fish (with hook)
+
| -kare'''men'''   || 11 || -kare'''minj'''     || -kare'''meni'''     || -kare'''mimen'''   || -kare'''meninj'''     || become old
 
|-
 
|-
| kare'''men'''   || 11 || kare'''minj'''     || kare'''meni'''     || kare'''mimen'''   || kare'''meninj'''    || become old
+
| -karr'''me'''     || || -karr'''meng'''     || -karr'''meni'''   || -karr'''men'''     || -karr'''meninj'''    || have, hold, keep, touch
 
|-
 
|-
| karr'''me'''    || || karr'''meng'''     || karr'''meni'''   || karr'''men'''     || karr'''meninj'''     || have, hold, keep, touch
+
| -ka'''rung'''    || 5a || -ka'''ruy'''         || -ka'''rungi'''     || -ka'''ru'''       || -ka'''ruyinj'''       || dig
 
|-
 
|-
| ka'''rung'''    || 5a || ka'''ruy'''         || ka'''rungi'''    || ka'''ru'''       || ka'''ruyinj'''       || dig
+
| -kayh'''me'''    || || -kayh'''meng'''     || -kayh'''meni'''    || -kayh'''men'''     || -kayh'''meninj'''     || yell, call out
 
|-
 
|-
| kele'''men'''    || 11 || kele'''minj'''    || kele'''meni'''    || kele'''mimen'''  || kele'''meninj'''    || be afraid
+
| -kele'''men'''    || 11 || -kele'''minj'''    || -kele'''meni'''    || -kele'''mimen'''  || -kele'''meninj'''    || be afraid
 
|-
 
|-
| kimuk'''men'''  || 11 || kimuk'''minj'''    || kimuk'''meni'''  || kimuk'''mimen'''  || kimuk'''meninj'''    || get big
+
| -kimuk'''men'''  || 11 || -kimuk'''minj'''    || -kimuk'''meni'''  || -kimuk'''mimen'''  || -kimuk'''meninj'''    || get big
 
|-
 
|-
| ki'''nje'''      || 2 || ki'''njeng'''        || ki'''njeni'''      || ki'''njemen'''    || ki'''njemeninj'''  || cook
+
| -ki'''nje'''      || 2 || -ki'''njeng'''        || -ki'''njeni'''      || -ki'''njemen'''    || -ki'''njemeninj'''  || cook
 
|-
 
|-
| kodjdjob'''ke''' || 2 || kodjdjob'''keng'''  || kodjdjob'''keni'''|| kodjdjob'''kemen'''|| kodjdjob'''kemeninj''' || sulk
+
| -kodjdjob'''ke''' || 2 || -kodjdjob'''keng'''  || -kodjdjob'''keni'''|| -kodjdjob'''kemen'''|| -kodjdjob'''kemeninj''' || sulk
 
|-
 
|-
| ko'''lung'''    || 5a || ko'''luy'''        || ko'''lungi'''    || ko'''lu'''        || ko'''luyinj'''      || go down
+
| -ko'''lung'''    || 5a || -ko'''luy'''        || -ko'''lungi'''    || -ko'''lu'''        || -ko'''luyinj'''      || go down
 
|-
 
|-
| kongi'''bun'''  || 4b || kongi'''bom'''      || kongi'''buni'''  || kongi'''bu'''    || kongi'''buyinj'''    || feel compassion for
+
| -kongi'''bun'''  || 4b || -kongi'''bom'''      || -kongi'''buni'''  || -kongi'''bu'''    || -kongi'''buyinj'''    || feel compassion for
 
|-
 
|-
| kurr'''me'''    || 1  || kurr'''meng'''      || kurr'''meni'''    || kurr'''men'''    || kurr'''meninj'''    || put, place
+
| -kurr'''me'''    || 1  || -kurr'''meng'''      || -kurr'''meni'''    || -kurr'''men'''    || -kurr'''meninj'''    || put, place
 
|-
 
|-
| ku'''rren'''    || 10 || ku'''rrinj'''      || ku'''rreni'''    || ku'''rremen'''    || ku'''rremeninj'''    || deceive, trick
+
| -ku'''rren'''    || 10 || -ku'''rrinj'''      || -ku'''rreni'''    || -ku'''rremen'''    || -ku'''rremeninj'''    || deceive, trick
 
|-
 
|-
| lad'''men'''    || 11 || lad'''minj'''      || lad'''meni'''    || lad'''mimen'''    || lad'''meninj'''      || become hot
+
| -lad'''men'''    || 11 || -lad'''minj'''      || -lad'''meni'''    || -lad'''mimen'''    || -lad'''meninj'''      || become hot
 
|-
 
|-
| lob'''me'''      || 1  || lob'''meng'''      || lob'''meni'''    || lob'''men'''      || lob'''meninj'''      || run, drive, function
+
| -lob'''me'''      || 1  || -lob'''meng'''      || -lob'''meni'''    || -lob'''men'''      || -lob'''meninj'''      || run, drive, function
 
|-
 
|-
| lirrhme'''rren''' || 10 || lirrhme'''rrinj''' || lirrhme'''rreni''' || lirrhme'''rremen''' || lirrhme'''rremeninj''' || scratch oneself
+
| -lirrhme'''rren''' || 10 || -lirrhme'''rrinj''' || -lirrhme'''rreni''' || -lirrhme'''rremen''' || -lirrhme'''rremeninj''' || scratch oneself
 
|-
 
|-
| mad'''bun'''    || 4b || mad'''bom'''        || mad'''buni'''    || mad'''bu'''      || mad'''buyinj'''      || wait
+
| -mad'''bun'''    || 4b || -mad'''bom'''        || -mad'''buni'''    || -mad'''bu'''      || -mad'''buyinj'''      || wait
 
|-
 
|-
| mak'''men'''    || 11 || mak'''minj'''      || mak'''meni'''    || mak'''mimen'''    || mak'''meninj'''      || become good
+
| -mak'''men'''    || 11 || -mak'''minj'''      || -mak'''meni'''    || -mak'''mimen'''    || -mak'''meninj'''      || become good
 
|-
 
|-
| '''mang'''      || 5c || '''mey'''          || '''mangi'''      || '''ma'''          || '''mayi'''          || take, get
+
| -'''mang'''      || 5c || -'''mey'''          || -'''mangi'''      || -'''ma'''          || -'''mayi'''          || get
 
|-
 
|-
| man'''kan'''    || 3a || man'''kang'''      || man'''kani'''    || man'''ka'''      || man'''kayinj'''      || fall
+
| -man'''kan'''    || 3a || -man'''kang'''      || -man'''kani'''    || -man'''ka'''      || -man'''kayinj'''      || fall
 
|-
 
|-
| marn'''bun'''    || 4b || marn'''bom'''      || marn'''buni'''    || marn'''bu'''      || marn'''buyinj'''    || make, repair, heal, prepare
+
| -marn'''bun'''    || 4b || -marn'''bom'''      || -marn'''buni'''    || -marn'''bu'''      || -marn'''buyinj'''    || make, repair, heal, prepare
 
|-
 
|-
| marrh'''mang''' || 5c || marrh'''mey''' || marrh'''mangi''' || marrh'''ma''' || marrh'''mayi''' || open
+
| -marrh'''mang''' || 5c || -marrh'''mey'''     || -marrh'''mangi''' || -marrh'''ma'''     || -marrh'''mayi'''     || open
 
|-
 
|-
| nah'''nan'''     || 3b || nah'''nang'''       || nah'''nani'''     || nah'''na'''       || nah'''nayinj'''     || look after, watch over
+
| -mayah'''me'''   || || -mayah'''meng'''     || -mayah'''meni'''   || -mayah'''men'''   || -mayah'''meninj'''   || be lost
 
|-
 
|-
| nalk'''bun'''   || 4b || nalk'''bom'''     || nalk'''buni'''    || nalk'''bu'''     || nalk'''buyinj'''     || cry
+
| -nah'''nan'''     || 3b || -nah'''nang'''       || -nah'''nani'''    || -nah'''na'''       || -nah'''nayinj'''     || look after, watch over
 
|-
 
|-
| '''nan'''       || 3b || '''nang'''         || '''nani'''       || '''na'''         || '''nayinj'''         || see
+
| -nalk'''bun'''   || 4b || -nalk'''bom'''     || -nalk'''buni'''     || -nalk'''bu'''     || -nalk'''buyinj'''     || cry
 
|-
 
|-
| ngal'''ke'''     || 2 || ngal'''keng'''     || ngal'''keni'''   || ngal'''kemen'''   || ngal'''kemeninj'''     || find
+
| -'''nan'''       || 3b || -'''nang'''         || -'''nani'''       || -'''na'''         || -'''nayinj'''         || see
 
|-
 
|-
| ngey'''bun'''   || 4b || ngey'''bom'''      || ngey'''buni'''     || ngey'''bu'''     || ngey'''buyinj'''    || to be named
+
| -ngal'''ke'''     || 2 || -ngal'''keng'''      || -ngal'''keni'''   || -ngal'''kemen'''   || -ngal'''kemeninj'''    || find
 
|-
 
|-
| ngi'''men'''     || 11 || ngi'''minj'''       || ngi'''meni'''    || ngi'''mimen'''   || ngi'''meninj'''     || go inside
+
| -ngey'''bun'''   || 4b || -ngey'''bom'''     || -ngey'''buni'''    || -ngey'''bu'''     || -ngey'''buyinj'''     || to be named
 
|-
 
|-
| nguk'''deng'''   || 5b || nguk'''di'''       || nguk'''dengi'''   || nguk'''de'''     || nguk'''deyi(nj)'''   || defecate
+
| -ngi'''men'''     || 11 || -ngi'''minj'''       || -ngi'''meni'''     || -ngi'''mimen'''   || -ngi'''meninj'''     || go inside
 
|-
 
|-
| '''ni'''         || 7 || '''ni'''           || '''ni'''         || '''nin'''         || '''niwirrinj'''     || be, be sitting
+
| -ngud'''men'''   || 11 || -ngud'''minj'''     || -ngud'''meni'''   || -ngud'''mimen'''   || -ngud'''meninj'''   || be quiet
 
|-
 
|-
| njud'''me'''     || || njud'''meng'''     || njud'''meni'''   || njud'''men'''     || njud'''meninj'''     || blow nose
+
| -nguk'''deng'''   || 5b || -nguk'''di'''       || -nguk'''dengi'''   || -nguk'''de'''     || -nguk'''deyi(nj)'''   || defecate
 
|-
 
|-
| ra'''won'''     || 3c || ra'''wong'''       || ra'''woni'''     || ra'''wo'''       || ra'''woyinj'''       || combine, mix, add
+
| -'''ni'''         || 7 || -'''ni'''           || -'''ni'''         || -'''nin'''         || -'''niwirrinj'''     || be, be sitting
 
|-
 
|-
| rohrok'''me'''   || 1  || rohrok'''meng'''   || rohrok'''meni''' || rohrok'''men'''   || rohrok'''meninj'''   || try, attempt
+
| -njok'''me'''     || 1  || -njok'''meng'''     || -njok'''meni'''     || -njok'''men'''     || -njok'''meninj'''     || bark
 
|-
 
|-
| '''rung'''       || 5a || '''ruy'''           || '''rungi'''       || '''ru'''         || '''ruyinj'''         || burn
+
| -njud'''me'''     || || -njud'''meng'''     || -njud'''meni'''   || -njud'''men'''     || -njud'''meninj'''     || blow nose
 
|-
 
|-
| wak'''bun'''     || 4b || wak'''bom'''       || wak'''buni'''      || wak'''bu'''       || wak'''buyinj'''     || go around
+
| -ra'''won'''     || 3c || -ra'''wong'''       || -ra'''woni'''      || -ra'''wo'''       || -ra'''woyinj'''       || combine, mix, add
 
|-
 
|-
| wa'''ke'''       || 2 || wa'''keng'''       || wa'''keni'''       || wa'''kemen'''     || wa'''kemeninj'''     || crawl
+
| -rohrok'''me'''   || 1 || -rohrok'''meng'''   || -rohrok'''meni''' || -rohrok'''men'''   || -rohrok'''meninj'''   || try, attempt
 
|-
 
|-
| wak'''wan'''     || 4a || wak'''wam'''       || wak'''wani'''     || wak'''wa'''       || wak'''wayi(nj)'''   || not know
+
| -'''rung'''       || 5a || -'''ruy'''           || -'''rungi'''       || -'''ru'''         || -'''ruyinj'''         || burn
 
|-
 
|-
| warl'''bun'''   || 4b || warl'''bom'''     || warl'''buni'''     || warl'''bu'''     || warl'''buyinj'''     || hunt
+
| -wak'''bun'''     || 4b || -wak'''bom'''       || -wak'''buni'''     || -wak'''bu'''       || -wak'''buyinj'''     || go around
 
|-
 
|-
| warlk'''kan'''  || 3a || warlk'''kang'''    || warlk'''kani'''  || warlk'''ka'''    || warlk'''kayinj'''    || hide
+
| -wa'''ke'''       || 2 || -wa'''keng'''       || -wa'''keni'''       || -wa'''kemen'''     || -wa'''kemeninj'''     || crawl
|-  
 
| warr'''ke'''     || 2 || warr'''keng'''     || warr'''keni'''   || warr'''kemen'''   || warr'''kemeninj'''     || drop, lose
 
 
|-
 
|-
| warre'''men'''   || 11 || warre'''minj'''     || warre'''meni'''   || warre'''mimen''' || warre'''meninj'''   || go bad
+
| -wak'''wan'''     || 4a || -wak'''wam'''       || -wak'''wani'''     || -wak'''wa'''       || -wak'''wayi(nj)'''   || not know
 
|-
 
|-
| warre'''won'''   || 3c || warre'''wong'''     || warre'''woni'''   || warre'''wo'''     || warre'''woyinj'''   || ruin, wrong, spoil (trans)
+
| -warl'''bun'''   || 4b || -warl'''bom'''     || -warl'''buni'''     || -warl'''bu'''     || -warl'''buyinj'''     || hunt
 
|-
 
|-
| wayh'''ke'''     || 2 || wayh'''keng'''     || wayh'''keni'''   || wayh'''kemen'''   || wayh'''kemeninj'''     || lift
+
| -warlk'''kan'''   || 3a || -warlk'''kang'''     || -warlk'''kani'''   || -warlk'''ka'''     || -warlk'''kayinj'''   || hide
 
|-
 
|-
| wayi'''ni'''    || 7 || wayi'''ni'''       || wayi'''ni'''     || wayi'''nin'''     || wayi'''niwirrinj''' || sing
+
| -warr'''ke'''    || 2 || -warr'''keng'''     || -warr'''keni'''   || -warr'''kemen'''   || -warr'''kemeninj'''     || drop, lose
 
|-
 
|-
| '''we'''         || 2 || '''weng'''         || '''weni'''       || '''wemen'''       || '''wemeninj'''       || throw
+
| -warre'''men'''   || 11 || -warre'''minj'''     || -warre'''meni'''   || -warre'''mimen''' || -warre'''meninj'''   || go bad
 
|-
 
|-
| wid'''nan'''     || 3b || wid'''nang'''       || wid'''nani'''     || wid'''na'''       || wid'''nayinj'''     || dislike
+
| -warre'''won'''   || 3c || -warre'''wong'''     || -warre'''woni'''   || -warre'''wo'''     || -warre'''woyinj'''   || ruin, wrong, spoil (trans)
 
|-
 
|-
| wok'''nan'''    || 3b || wok'''nang'''       || wok'''nani'''     || wok'''na'''       || wok'''nayinj'''     || call out, leave-take
+
| -wayh'''ke'''    || 2 || -wayh'''keng'''     || -wayh'''keni'''   || -wayh'''kemen'''   || -wayh'''kemeninj'''     || lift
 
|-
 
|-
| '''won'''       || 3c || '''wong'''         || '''woni'''       || '''wo'''         || '''woyinj'''         || give
+
| -wayi'''ni'''     || 7 || -wayi'''ni'''       || -wayi'''ni'''     || -wayi'''nin'''     || -wayi'''niwirrinj''' || sing
 
|-
 
|-
| worrk'''men'''   || 11 || worrk'''minj'''     || worrk'''meni'''   || worrk'''mimen''' || worrk'''meninj'''   || be full of food
+
| -'''we'''         || 2 || -'''weng'''         || -'''weni'''       || -'''wemen'''       || -'''wemeninj'''       || throw
 
|-
 
|-
| wung'''me'''    || || wung'''meng'''     || wung'''meni'''   || wung'''men'''     || wung'''meninj'''     || smoke
+
| -wid'''nan'''    || 3b || -wid'''nang'''       || -wid'''nani'''     || -wid'''na'''       || -wid'''nayinj'''     || dislike
 
|-
 
|-
| wurleb'''me'''   || || wurleb'''meng'''   || wurleb'''meni''' || wurleb'''men'''   || wurleb'''meninj'''   || swim, go into water, bathe, shower
+
| -wok'''nan'''     || 3b || -wok'''nang'''       || -wok'''nani'''     || -wok'''na'''       || -wok'''nayinj'''     || -call out, leavetake
 
|-
 
|-
| wurleb'''ke'''  || 2 || wurleb'''keng'''   || wurleb'''keni''' || wurleb'''kemen''' || wurleb'''kemeninj'''   || put under water
+
| -wolng'''won'''  || 3c || -wolng'''wong'''     || -wolng'''woni'''   || -wolng'''wo'''     || -wolng'''woyinj'''   || warm, heat up (trans)
 
|-
 
|-
| wurlh'''ke'''   || 2 || wurlh'''keng'''     || wurlh'''keni'''   || wurlh'''kemen''' || wurlh'''kemeninj'''   || burn, heat
+
| -'''won'''       || 3c || -'''wong'''         || -'''woni'''       || -'''wo'''         || -'''woyinj'''         || give
 
|-
 
|-
| yak'''bun'''     || 4b || yak'''bom'''       || yak'''buni'''     || yak'''bu'''       || yak'''buyinj'''     || empty out
+
| -worrk'''men'''   || 11 || -worrk'''minj'''     || -worrk'''meni'''   || -worrk'''mimen''' || -worrk'''meninj'''   || be full of food
 
|-
 
|-
| ya'''wan'''     || 4a || ya'''wam'''         || ya'''wani'''     || ya'''wa'''       || ya'''wayi(nj)'''    || look for
+
| -wung'''me'''     || || -wung'''meng'''     || -wung'''meni'''   || -wung'''men'''     || -wung'''meninj'''    || smoke
 
|-
 
|-
| ya'''me'''       || 1  || ya'''meng'''       || ya'''meni'''     || ya'''men'''       || ya'''meninj'''       || spear
+
| -wurleb'''me'''   || 1  || -wurleb'''meng'''   || -wurleb'''meni''' || -wurleb'''men'''   || -wurleb'''meninj'''   || swim, go into water, bathe, shower
 
|-
 
|-
| yak'''men'''     || 11 || yak'''minj'''       || yak'''meni'''     || yak'''mimen'''   || yak'''meninj'''     || finish, run out
+
| -wurleb'''ke'''   || 2 || -wurleb'''keng'''   || -wurleb'''keni''' || -wurleb'''kemen''' || -wurleb'''kemeninj'''   || put under water
 
|-
 
|-
| yay'''me'''     || || yay'''meng'''     || yay'''meni'''     || yay'''men'''     || yay'''meninj'''     || be itchy
+
| -wurlh'''ke'''   || 2 || -wurlh'''keng'''     || -wurlh'''keni'''   || -wurlh'''kemen''' || -wurlh'''kemeninj'''   || burn, heat
 
|-
 
|-
| yerr'''ke'''    || 2 || yerr'''keng'''     || yerr'''keni'''   || yerr'''kemen'''   || yerr'''kemeninj'''     || pull
+
| -yak'''bun'''    || 4b || -yak'''bom'''       || -yak'''buni'''     || -yak'''bu'''       || -yak'''buyinj'''     || empty out
 
|-
 
|-
| yerr'''kan'''   || 3a || yerr'''kang'''     || yerr'''kani'''   || yerr'''ka'''     || yerr'''kayinj'''     || sit
+
| -yak'''men'''     || 11 || -yak'''minj'''       || -yak'''meni'''     || -yak'''mimen'''   || -yak'''meninj'''     || finish, run out
 
|-
 
|-
| yid'''dung'''   || 5a || yid'''duy'''        || yid'''dungi'''   || yid'''du'''      || yid'''duyinj'''     || get angry
+
| -ya'''me'''       || || -ya'''meng'''        || -ya'''meni'''     || -ya'''men'''      || -ya'''meninj'''       || spear
 
|-
 
|-
| yi'''me'''       || || yi'''meng'''       || yi'''meni'''      || yi'''men'''       || yi'''meninj'''       || say, do, call, act
+
| -ya'''wan'''     || 4a || -ya'''wam'''         || -ya'''wani'''      || -ya'''wa'''       || -ya'''wayi(nj)'''     || look for
 
|-
 
|-
| yolyol'''me'''  || 1  || yolyol'''meng'''    || yolyol'''meni'''  || yolyol'''men'''  || yolyol'''meninj'''  || tell story, relate news
+
| -yay'''me'''      || 1  || -yay'''meng'''      || -yay'''meni'''      || -yay'''men'''      || -yay'''meninj'''      || be itchy
 +
|-
 +
| -yerr'''ke'''    || 2 || -yerr'''keng'''      || -yerr'''keni'''    || -yerr'''kemen'''  || -yerr'''kemeninj'''    || pull
 +
|-
 +
| -yerr'''kan'''    || 3a || -yerr'''kang'''      || -yerr'''kani'''    || -yerr'''ka'''      || -yerr'''kayinj'''    || sit
 +
|-
 +
| -yid'''dung'''    || 5a || -yid'''duy'''        || -yid'''dungi'''    || -yid'''du'''      || -yid'''duyinj'''      || get angry
 +
|-
 +
| -yi'''me'''      || 1  || -yi'''meng'''        || -yi'''meni'''      || -yi'''men'''      || -yi'''meninj'''      || say, do, call, act
 +
|-
 +
| -yolyol'''me'''  || 1  || -yolyol'''meng'''    || -yolyol'''meni'''  || -yolyol'''men'''  || -yolyol'''meninj'''  || tell story, relate news
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
Line 289: Line 307:
 
!Nonpast!!Past Perfective!!Past Imperfective!!Imperative!!Irrealis!!English
 
!Nonpast!!Past Perfective!!Past Imperfective!!Imperative!!Irrealis!!English
 
|-
 
|-
| '''dangen'''    || '''danginj'''      || '''dangeni'''    || '''dangimen'''    || '''dangemeninj'''    || stand
+
| -'''dangen'''    || -'''danginj'''      || -'''dangeni'''    || -'''dangimen'''    || -'''dangemeninj'''    || stand
|-
 
| balh'''ngun'''  || balh'''nguneng'''  || balh'''nguni'''    || balh'''ngu'''    || balh'''nguyi'''      || copulate (vulg.)
 
|-
 
| bengmid'''dan''' || bengmid'''danj'''  || bengmid'''dangeni''' || bengmid'''dangimen''' || bengmid'''dangemeninj'''  || forget
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bo'''ngun'''     || bo'''nguneng'''   || bo'''nguni'''     || bo'''ngu'''       || bo'''nguyi'''       || drink
+
| -bengmid'''dan''' || -bengmid'''danj''' || -bengmid'''dangeni''' || -bengmid'''dangimen''' || -bengmid'''dangemeninj''' || forget
 
|-
 
|-
| '''ngun'''      || '''nguneng'''      || '''nguni'''      || '''ngu'''        || '''nguyi'''          || eat
+
| -'''ngun'''      || -'''nguneng'''      || -'''nguni'''      || -'''ngu'''        || -'''nguyi'''          || eat
 
|-
 
|-
| '''re'''        || '''wam'''          || r'''ayi'''        || r'''ay'''        || r'''ayinj'''        || go
+
| -'''re'''        || -'''wam'''          || -r'''ayi'''        || -r'''ay'''        || -r'''ayinj'''        || go
 
|-
 
|-
| way'''dan'''    || way'''di'''        || way'''danj'''    || way'''da'''      || way'''dangemeninj''' || be raised
+
| -way'''dan'''    || -way'''di'''        || -way'''danj'''    || -way'''da'''      || -way'''dangemeninj''' || be raised
 
|-
 
|-
| wok'''di'''      || wok'''danj'''      || wok'''di'''      || wok'''din'''      || wok'''diwirrinj'''  || talk, speak
+
| -wok'''di'''      || -wok'''danj'''      || -wok'''di'''      || -wok'''din'''      || -wok'''diwirrinj'''  || talk, speak
 
|-
 
|-
| yime'''rran'''  || yime'''rranj'''    || yime'''rrangeni''' || yime'''rrangimen''' || yime'''rrangemeninj'''  || become, turn into
+
| -yime'''rran'''  || -yime'''rranj'''    || -yime'''rrangeni''' || -yime'''rrangimen''' || -yime'''rrangemeninj'''  || become, turn into
 
|-
 
|-
| '''yo'''        || '''yoy'''          || '''yoy'''        || '''yun'''        || '''yuwirrinj'''      || lie
+
| -'''yo'''        || -'''yoy'''          || -'''yoy'''        || -'''yun'''        || -'''yuwirrinj'''      || lie
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
-bo'''ngun''' (drink) and -balh'''ngun''' (copulate, vulg) follow the ngun pattern

Latest revision as of 04:50, 10 May 2019


This page lists Kunwok verbs. For information about the various forms of the verb, please see Verb Conjugations. For verbs derived from adjectives see Adjectives.

Note that verbs sometimes incorporate nouns, e.g. bolknan (country-look, ie look around), bowurlhke (water-burn, ie boil). Sometimes, the meaning mightn't be predictable from the parts, e.g. bolkmang (country-get, ie arrive).

When the meaning of a verb is predictable from its parts, we don't bother listing it. You need to strip off the incorporated noun when looking up the verb. For example, to find the past perfective for "bolknan", look up "nan" to find "nang" then you have it: "bolknang".

Nonpast Conj Past Perfective Past Imperfective Imperative Irrealis English
-bakme 1 -bakmeng -bakmeni -bakmen -bakmeninj break (intrans)
-bakke 2 -bakkeng -bakkeni -bakkemen -bakkemeninj break (trans)
-barlke 2 -barlkeng -barlkeni -barlkemen -barlkemeninj fill
-bawon 3c -bawong -bawoni -bawo -bawoyinj leave, give up
-balewon 3c -balewong -balewoni -balewo -balewoyinj clean
-bangmen 11 -bangminj -bangmeni -bangmimen -bangmeninj become aggressive or violent
-baye 2 -bayeng -bayeni -bayemen -bayemeninj bite
-bebme 1 -bebmeng -bebmeni -bebmen -bebmeninj come out, appear, arrive
-bebke 2 -bebkeng -bebkeni -bebkemen -bebkemeninj take out, reveal
-bekkan 3a -bekkang -bekkani -bekka -bekkayinj feel, hear, touch, listen
-bengbun 4b -bengbom -bengbuni -bengbu -bengbuyinj annoy, disturb
-bengdayhke 2 -bengdayhkeng -bengdayhkeni -bengdayhkemen -bengdayhkemeninj inform, let know
-bengdayhme 1 -bengdayhmeng -bengdayhmeni -bengdayhmen -bengdayhmeninj realise
-bengdi 7 -bengdi -bengdi -bengdin -bengdiwirrinj sit waiting for word, for something to happen
-bengkan 3a -bengkang -bengkani -bengka -bengkayinj think, know, understand
-bengmayahme 1 -bengmayahmeng -bengmayahmeni -bengmayahmen -bengmayahmeninj be confused
-bunjhmang 5c -bunjhmey -bunjhmangi -bunjhma -bunjhmayi kiss
-bidbun 4b -bidbom -bidbuni -bidbu -bidbuyinj get in, climb
-biddjibme 1 -biddjibmeng -biddjibmeni -biddjibmen -biddjibmeninj stir, mix
-bimbun 4b -bimbom -bimbuni -bimbu -bimbuyinj write, draw, paint
-birrhme 1 -birrhmeng -birrhmeni -birrhmen -birrhmeninj rake, clean, clear up
-biwke 2 -biwkeng -biwkeni -biwkemen -biwkemeninj bend
-bodahkendong 5a -bodahkendoy -bodahkendongi -bodahkendo -bodahkendoyinj fill container with liquid, refuel vehicle
-borlbme 1 -borlbmeng -borlbmeni -borlbmen -borlbmeninj learn, become familiar with
-borledme 1 -borledmeng -borledmeni -borledmen -borledmeninj turn/go around (intrans)
-borledke 2 -borledkeng -borledkeni -borledkemen -borledkemeninj turn/go around (trans)
-borrkke 2 -borrkkeng -borrkkeni -borrkkemen -borrkkemeninj dance
-bowe 2 -boweng -boweni -bowemen -bowemeninj tip liquid out
-buhme 1 -buhmeng -buhmeni -buhmen -buhmeninj blow
-bukirribun 4b -bukirribom -bukirribuni -bukirribu -bukirribuyinj dream
-bukkan 3a -bukkang -bukkani -bukka -bukkayinj teach, show
-bun 4b -bom -buni -bu -buyinj hit, kill
-burrbun 4b -burrbom -burrbuni -burrbu -burrbuyinj know, understand, think
-burren 10 -burrinj -burreni -burremen -burremeninj fight (reflexive of "bun")
-burrknan 3b -burrknang -burrknani -burrkna -burrknayinj recognise
-dadjke 2 -dadjkeng -dadjkeni -dadjkemen -dadjkemeninj cut, chop
-dadjme 1 -dadjmeng -dadjmeni -dadjmen -dadjmeninj cease
-dahkendong 5a -dahkendoy -dahkendongi -dahkendo -dahkendoyinj put in container
-dalehmen 11 -dalehminj -dalehmeni -dalehmimen -dalehmeninj dry up, get dry (esp of country)
-dangbalhme 1 -dangbalhmeng -dangbalhmeni -dangbalhmen -dangbalhmeninj close
-dangwerren 10 -dangwerrinj -dangwerreni -dangwerremen -dangwerremeninj argue with each other
-dedjdong 5a -dedjdoy -dedjdongi -dedjdo -dedjdoyinj copulate (vulg.) pron dedjong
-derrehme 1 -derrehmeng -derrehmeni -derrehmen -derrehmeninj move closer
-derrehke 2 -derrehkeng -derrehkeni -derrehkemen -derrehkemeninj shift along, move over (trans)
-di 7 -di -di -din -diwirrinj be, be standing
-dirri 7 -dirri -dirri -dirrin -dirriwirrinj play
-dilebun 4b -dilebom -dilebuni -dilebu -dilebuyinj urinate
-djakdung 5a -djakduy -djakdungi -djakdu -djakduyinj rain
-djangkan 3a -djangkang -djangkani -djangka -djangkayinj go hunting
-djarrngbun 4b -djarrngbom -djarrngbuni -djarrngbu -djarrngbuyinj choose
-djawan 4a -djawam -djawani -djawa -djawayi(nj) ask
-djihbun 4b -djihbom -djihbuni -djihbu -djihbuyinj sneeze
-djirdmang 5c -djirdmey -djirdmangi -djirdma -djirdmayi steal
-djobke 2 -djobkeng -djobkeni -djobkemen -djobkemeninj cut, slice
-djongburren 10 -djongburrinj -djongburreni -djongburremen -djongburremeninj get dressed
-djordmen 11 -djordminj -djordmeni -djordmimen -djordmeninj grow up (living being), mature
-djorndong 5a -djorndoy -djorndongi -djorndo -djorndoyinj pound
-djowkke 2 -djowkkeng -djowkkeni -djowkkemen -djowkkemeninj cross over
-djuhke 2 -djuhkeng -djuhkeni -djuhkemen -djuhkemeninj splash (trans)
-djurrkmang 5c -djurrkmey -djurrkmangi -djurrkma -djurrkmayi pull
-djurrkwon 3c -djurrkwong -djurrkwoni -djurrkwo -djurrkwoyinj get excited, be enthusiastic
-dokme 1 -dokmeng -dokmeni -dokmen -dokmeninj set off, get going
-dolkkan 3a -dolkkang -dolkkani -dolkka -dolkkayinj stand up
-dombun 4b -dombom -dombuni -dombu -dombuyinj extinguish
-dong 5a -doy -dongi -do -doyinj strike
-dowen 2 -doweng -doweni -dowemen -dowemeninj die, feel unwell
-dudje 2 -dudjeng -dudjeni -dudjemen -dudjemeninj plant, bury
-dukkan 3a -dukkang -dukkani -dukka -dukkayinj tie up
-dulubun 4b -dulubom -dulubuni -dulubu -dulubuyinj shoot, pierce
-dung 5a -duy -dungi -du -duyinj swear at
-durndeng 5b -durndi -durndengi -durnde -durndeyi(nj) return
-durren 10 -durrinj -durreni -durremen -durremeninj abuse or curse each other (reflexive of "dung")
-durrkmirri 7 -durrkmirri -durrkmirri -durrkmirrin -durrkmirriwirrinj work
-kabun 4b -kabom -kabuni -kabu -kabuyinj nurse
-kadjung 5a -kadjuy -kadjungi -kadju -kadjuyinj follow
-kalikan 3a -kalikang -kalikani -kalika -kalikayinj have sex with
-kan 3a -kang -kani -ka -kayinj take, carry along
-kardmang 5c -kardmey -kardmangi -kardma -kardmayi catch fish (with hook)
-karemen 11 -kareminj -karemeni -karemimen -karemeninj become old
-karrme 1 -karrmeng -karrmeni -karrmen -karrmeninj have, hold, keep, touch
-karung 5a -karuy -karungi -karu -karuyinj dig
-kayhme 1 -kayhmeng -kayhmeni -kayhmen -kayhmeninj yell, call out
-kelemen 11 -keleminj -kelemeni -kelemimen -kelemeninj be afraid
-kimukmen 11 -kimukminj -kimukmeni -kimukmimen -kimukmeninj get big
-kinje 2 -kinjeng -kinjeni -kinjemen -kinjemeninj cook
-kodjdjobke 2 -kodjdjobkeng -kodjdjobkeni -kodjdjobkemen -kodjdjobkemeninj sulk
-kolung 5a -koluy -kolungi -kolu -koluyinj go down
-kongibun 4b -kongibom -kongibuni -kongibu -kongibuyinj feel compassion for
-kurrme 1 -kurrmeng -kurrmeni -kurrmen -kurrmeninj put, place
-kurren 10 -kurrinj -kurreni -kurremen -kurremeninj deceive, trick
-ladmen 11 -ladminj -ladmeni -ladmimen -ladmeninj become hot
-lobme 1 -lobmeng -lobmeni -lobmen -lobmeninj run, drive, function
-lirrhmerren 10 -lirrhmerrinj -lirrhmerreni -lirrhmerremen -lirrhmerremeninj scratch oneself
-madbun 4b -madbom -madbuni -madbu -madbuyinj wait
-makmen 11 -makminj -makmeni -makmimen -makmeninj become good
-mang 5c -mey -mangi -ma -mayi get
-mankan 3a -mankang -mankani -manka -mankayinj fall
-marnbun 4b -marnbom -marnbuni -marnbu -marnbuyinj make, repair, heal, prepare
-marrhmang 5c -marrhmey -marrhmangi -marrhma -marrhmayi open
-mayahme 1 -mayahmeng -mayahmeni -mayahmen -mayahmeninj be lost
-nahnan 3b -nahnang -nahnani -nahna -nahnayinj look after, watch over
-nalkbun 4b -nalkbom -nalkbuni -nalkbu -nalkbuyinj cry
-nan 3b -nang -nani -na -nayinj see
-ngalke 2 -ngalkeng -ngalkeni -ngalkemen -ngalkemeninj find
-ngeybun 4b -ngeybom -ngeybuni -ngeybu -ngeybuyinj to be named
-ngimen 11 -ngiminj -ngimeni -ngimimen -ngimeninj go inside
-ngudmen 11 -ngudminj -ngudmeni -ngudmimen -ngudmeninj be quiet
-ngukdeng 5b -ngukdi -ngukdengi -ngukde -ngukdeyi(nj) defecate
-ni 7 -ni -ni -nin -niwirrinj be, be sitting
-njokme 1 -njokmeng -njokmeni -njokmen -njokmeninj bark
-njudme 1 -njudmeng -njudmeni -njudmen -njudmeninj blow nose
-rawon 3c -rawong -rawoni -rawo -rawoyinj combine, mix, add
-rohrokme 1 -rohrokmeng -rohrokmeni -rohrokmen -rohrokmeninj try, attempt
-rung 5a -ruy -rungi -ru -ruyinj burn
-wakbun 4b -wakbom -wakbuni -wakbu -wakbuyinj go around
-wake 2 -wakeng -wakeni -wakemen -wakemeninj crawl
-wakwan 4a -wakwam -wakwani -wakwa -wakwayi(nj) not know
-warlbun 4b -warlbom -warlbuni -warlbu -warlbuyinj hunt
-warlkkan 3a -warlkkang -warlkkani -warlkka -warlkkayinj hide
-warrke 2 -warrkeng -warrkeni -warrkemen -warrkemeninj drop, lose
-warremen 11 -warreminj -warremeni -warremimen -warremeninj go bad
-warrewon 3c -warrewong -warrewoni -warrewo -warrewoyinj ruin, wrong, spoil (trans)
-wayhke 2 -wayhkeng -wayhkeni -wayhkemen -wayhkemeninj lift
-wayini 7 -wayini -wayini -wayinin -wayiniwirrinj sing
-we 2 -weng -weni -wemen -wemeninj throw
-widnan 3b -widnang -widnani -widna -widnayinj dislike
-woknan 3b -woknang -woknani -wokna -woknayinj -call out, leavetake
-wolngwon 3c -wolngwong -wolngwoni -wolngwo -wolngwoyinj warm, heat up (trans)
-won 3c -wong -woni -wo -woyinj give
-worrkmen 11 -worrkminj -worrkmeni -worrkmimen -worrkmeninj be full of food
-wungme 1 -wungmeng -wungmeni -wungmen -wungmeninj smoke
-wurlebme 1 -wurlebmeng -wurlebmeni -wurlebmen -wurlebmeninj swim, go into water, bathe, shower
-wurlebke 2 -wurlebkeng -wurlebkeni -wurlebkemen -wurlebkemeninj put under water
-wurlhke 2 -wurlhkeng -wurlhkeni -wurlhkemen -wurlhkemeninj burn, heat
-yakbun 4b -yakbom -yakbuni -yakbu -yakbuyinj empty out
-yakmen 11 -yakminj -yakmeni -yakmimen -yakmeninj finish, run out
-yame 1 -yameng -yameni -yamen -yameninj spear
-yawan 4a -yawam -yawani -yawa -yawayi(nj) look for
-yayme 1 -yaymeng -yaymeni -yaymen -yaymeninj be itchy
-yerrke 2 -yerrkeng -yerrkeni -yerrkemen -yerrkemeninj pull
-yerrkan 3a -yerrkang -yerrkani -yerrka -yerrkayinj sit
-yiddung 5a -yidduy -yiddungi -yiddu -yidduyinj get angry
-yime 1 -yimeng -yimeni -yimen -yimeninj say, do, call, act
-yolyolme 1 -yolyolmeng -yolyolmeni -yolyolmen -yolyolmeninj tell story, relate news

Irregular Verbs

Nonpast Past Perfective Past Imperfective Imperative Irrealis English
-dangen -danginj -dangeni -dangimen -dangemeninj stand
-bengmiddan -bengmiddanj -bengmiddangeni -bengmiddangimen -bengmiddangemeninj forget
-ngun -nguneng -nguni -ngu -nguyi eat
-re -wam -rayi -ray -rayinj go
-waydan -waydi -waydanj -wayda -waydangemeninj be raised
-wokdi -wokdanj -wokdi -wokdin -wokdiwirrinj talk, speak
-yimerran -yimerranj -yimerrangeni -yimerrangimen -yimerrangemeninj become, turn into
-yo -yoy -yoy -yun -yuwirrinj lie

-bongun (drink) and -balhngun (copulate, vulg) follow the ngun pattern