Difference between revisions of "Pronunciation"

From Kunwok
Jump to: navigation, search
(highlighting)
Line 1: Line 1:
Notes: voicing..., international phonetic alphabet (special sounds are linked to more info) [[Wikipedia:IPA vowel chart with audio]]
+
Notes: voicing..., breaking words into syllables (so you know how to say, e.g. kukak),
 +
international phonetic alphabet (special sounds are linked to more info) [[Wikipedia:IPA vowel chart with audio]]
  
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
!Kunwok!!IPA!!Example!!Comments
 
!Kunwok!!IPA!!Example!!Comments
 
|-
 
|-
| a      || [[wikipedia:Open back unrounded vowel|ɑ]]      || mah (ok) || f'''a'''ther
+
| a      || [[wikipedia:Open back unrounded vowel|ɑ]]      || m'''a'''h (ok) || f'''a'''ther
 
|-
 
|-
| b      || b      || bobo (bye) || '''b'''a'''b'''y
+
| b      || b      || '''b'''o'''b'''o (bye) || '''b'''a'''b'''y
 
|-
 
|-
| d      || d      || daluk (woman) || d as in '''d'''og
+
| d      || d      || '''d'''aluk (woman) || d as in '''d'''og
 
|-
 
|-
| dj    || [[wikipedia:Voiced palatal stop|ɟ]]            || djedje (woman's child) || j as in '''j'''am (but with tongue body against hard palate)
+
| dj    || [[wikipedia:Voiced palatal stop|ɟ]]            || '''dj'''e'''dj'''e (woman's child) || j as in '''j'''am (but with tongue body against hard palate)
 
|-
 
|-
| rd    || [[wikipedia:Voiced retroflex stop|ɖ]]          || wurdurd (child) || like d but with tongue tip curled back  
+
| rd    || [[wikipedia:Voiced retroflex stop|ɖ]]          || wu'''rd'''u'''rd''' (child) || like d but with tongue tip curled back  
 
|-
 
|-
| e      || [[wikipedia:Open-mid front unrounded vowel|ɛ]]  || kunkeb (nose) || e as in p'''e'''t
+
| e      || [[wikipedia:Open-mid front unrounded vowel|ɛ]]  || kunk'''e'''b (nose) || e as in p'''e'''t
 
|-
 
|-
| e      || [[wikipedia:Near-open front unrounded vowel|æ]] || bebmeng (arrived) || a as in c'''a'''t (before ng)
+
| e      || [[wikipedia:Near-open front unrounded vowel|æ]] || bebm'''e'''ng (arrived) || a as in c'''a'''t (before ng)
 
|-
 
|-
| h      || [[wikipedia:Glottal stop|ʔ]]                    || yoh (yes) || glottal stop, like t in bottle in some English dialects   
+
| h      || [[wikipedia:Glottal stop|ʔ]]                    || yo'''h''' (yes) || glottal stop, like tt in bo'''tt'''le in some English dialects   
 
|-
 
|-
| i      || [[wikipedia:Close front unrounded vowel|i]]    || bininj (man) || e as in b'''ee'''t (but with the tongue body pushed up)
+
| i      || [[wikipedia:Close front unrounded vowel|i]]    || b'''i'''n'''i'''nj (man) || e as in b'''ee'''t (but with the tongue body pushed up)
 
|-
 
|-
| k      || k                                              || daluk (woman) || k but with no aspiration (at end of syllable)
+
| k      || k                                              || dalu'''k''' (woman) || k but with no aspiration (at end of syllable)
 
|-
 
|-
| k      || g                                              || kured (camp) || g as in game (at start of syllable)
+
| k      || g                                              || '''k'''ured (camp) || g as in '''g'''ame (at start of syllable)
 
|-
 
|-
| l      || l                                              || delek (white clay) || l as in long
+
| l      || l                                              || de'''l'''ek (white clay) || l as in '''l'''ong
 
|-
 
|-
| rl    || [[wikipedia:Retroflex lateral approximant|ɭ]]  || berluh (aunty) || like l but with tongue tip curled back
+
| rl    || [[wikipedia:Retroflex lateral approximant|ɭ]]  || be'''rl'''uh (aunty) || like l but with tongue tip curled back
 
|-
 
|-
 
| m
 
| m

Revision as of 07:09, 25 January 2018

Notes: voicing..., breaking words into syllables (so you know how to say, e.g. kukak), international phonetic alphabet (special sounds are linked to more info) Wikipedia:IPA vowel chart with audio

Kunwok IPA Example Comments
a ɑ mah (ok) father
b b bobo (bye) baby
d d daluk (woman) d as in dog
dj ɟ djedje (woman's child) j as in jam (but with tongue body against hard palate)
rd ɖ wurdurd (child) like d but with tongue tip curled back
e ɛ kunkeb (nose) e as in pet
e æ bebmeng (arrived) a as in cat (before ng)
h ʔ yoh (yes) glottal stop, like tt in bottle in some English dialects
i i bininj (man) e as in beet (but with the tongue body pushed up)
k k daluk (woman) k but with no aspiration (at end of syllable)
k g kured (camp) g as in game (at start of syllable)
l l delek (white clay) l as in long
rl ɭ berluh (aunty) like l but with tongue tip curled back
m
n
ng
nj
rn
o
r
rr
u
w
y