Difference between revisions of "Pronunciation"

From Kunwok
Jump to: navigation, search
m
(Add notes)
Line 1: Line 1:
Notes: voicing..., breaking words into syllables (so you know how to say, e.g. kukak),
 
international phonetic alphabet (special sounds are linked to more info) [[Wikipedia:IPA vowel chart with audio]]
 
 
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
!Kunwok!!IPA!!Example!!Comments
 
!Kunwok!!IPA!!Example!!Comments
Line 54: Line 51:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
Notes:
 +
* The second column uses the international phonetic alphabet ([[Wikipedia:IPA vowel chart with audio|IPA]]); click on the IPA letters for more information
 +
* consonants are not aspirated like they are sometimes in English (no puff of air after k)
 +
* some words have doubled consonants like ''ngabba'' (father); take care to lengthen these
 +
* sometimes it helps to break words down into syllables before trying to pronounce them, e.g. kun.ngey (name), be.rluh (aunty), mo.djarrk.ki (freshwater crocodile)
 +
* rd is usually written d when we can predict an rd is required, e.g. rdird~dird (moon), kuwardrde~kuwardde (stone country)
 +
* d is pronounced rr when it appears between two vowels and when the following syllable is not stressed

Revision as of 08:08, 26 January 2018

Kunwok IPA Example Comments
a ɑ mah (ok) a as in father
b b bobo (bye) b as in baby
d d daluk (woman) d as in dog
dj ɟ djedje (woman's child) j as in jam (but with tongue body against hard palate)
rd ɖ wurdurd (child) like d but with tongue tip curled back
e ɛ kunkeb (nose) e as in pet (not before ng)
e æ bebmeng (arrived) a as in cat (before ng)
h ʔ yoh (yes) glottal stop, like tt in bottle in some English dialects
i i bininj (man) e as in beet (but with the tongue body pushed up)
k k daluk (woman) k but with no aspiration (at end of syllable)
k g kured (camp) g as in game (at start of syllable)
l l delek (white clay) l as in long
rl ɭ berluh (aunty) like l but with tongue tip curled back
m m manme (food) m as in man
n n nayin (snake) n as in nose
ng ŋ ngalyod (rainbow serpent) ng as in sing
nj ɲ njale (what) gn as in gnocci
rn ɳ birriwern (everyone) like n but with tongue tip curled back
o ɒ kunwok (language) o as in not (UK, Australian) or thought (US)
r ɻ kured (camp) r as in red (but with tongue tip curled back further)
rr ɾ or r djarrang (horse) t as in water (said like a fast d) or else rolled r as in Scottish English
u u kundulk (tree) u as in boot (US, UK), u as in book (Australian)
w w wakwak (crow) w as in wet
y j yoh (yes) y as in yes

Notes:

  • The second column uses the international phonetic alphabet (IPA); click on the IPA letters for more information
  • consonants are not aspirated like they are sometimes in English (no puff of air after k)
  • some words have doubled consonants like ngabba (father); take care to lengthen these
  • sometimes it helps to break words down into syllables before trying to pronounce them, e.g. kun.ngey (name), be.rluh (aunty), mo.djarrk.ki (freshwater crocodile)
  • rd is usually written d when we can predict an rd is required, e.g. rdird~dird (moon), kuwardrde~kuwardde (stone country)
  • d is pronounced rr when it appears between two vowels and when the following syllable is not stressed