Difference between revisions of "Phrasebook"

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Sustained eye contact may come across as domineering.
 
Sustained eye contact may come across as domineering.
  
You'll probably need help to pronounce these phrases correctly. (The podcasts will help with this.)
+
You'll probably need help to pronounce these phrases correctly.
 +
Please see the [[Pronunciation|pronunciation guide]] and the [[Podcasts|podcasts]].
 
Feel free to ask bininj for advice; a whitefella asking for advice is like a breath of fresh air out here.
 
Feel free to ask bininj for advice; a whitefella asking for advice is like a breath of fresh air out here.
  
Line 30: Line 31:
 
| yimdurndi                    || you've come back          ||
 
| yimdurndi                    || you've come back          ||
 
|-
 
|-
| baleh keno yimdurndi        || when are you coming back? ||
+
| baleh keno yimdurndeng      || when are you coming back? ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ngawarnyak wak              || I can't stand the crows  ||
 
| ngawarnyak wak              || I can't stand the crows  ||
 
|-
 
|-
| mah bonj, ngare              || ok, I'm going
+
| mah bonj, ngare              || ok, I'm going             ||
 +
|-
 +
| yire                        || you're going              ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| nan kaluk                    || see you later            || (use with any size of group)
 
| nan kaluk                    || see you later            || (use with any size of group)
 +
|-
 +
| bobo                        || goodbye                  ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
Line 49: Line 54:
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! Kunwok                       !! English                   !! Comments
+
! Kunwok                         !! English                       !! Comments
 +
|-
 +
| ngaye nakamarrang              || I'm nakamarrang                || (give your skin name if you have one)
 
|-
 
|-
| ngaye nakamarrang            || I'm nakamarrang            || (give your skin name if you have one)
+
| ngudda yingale?                || Who are you?                  ||
 
|-
 
|-
| baleh kunkurlah nguddangke? || what's your skin?         ||
+
| baleh kunkurlah nguddangke?   || what's your skin?             ||
 
|-
 
|-
| nangale ngunwong?           || who gave it to you?       || (your skin name)
+
| nangale ngunwong?             || who gave it to you?           || (your skin name)
 
|-
 
|-
| njale marneyime?             || what do I call you?       || (elicits a kinship term)
+
| njale marneyime?               || what do I call you?           || (elicits a kinship term)
 
|-
 
|-
| baleh ngudda beh?           || where are you from?       ||
+
| baleh ngudda beh?             || where are you from?           ||
 
|-
 
|-
| ngaye Melbourne beh         || I'm from Melbourne         ||
+
| ngaye Melbourne beh           || I'm from Melbourne             ||
 
|-
 
|-
| kamak bu ngayerrkan?         || good if I sit?             || (i.e. may I sit)
+
| kamak ngayerrkan?             || good if I sit?                 || (i.e. may I sit)
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| baleh kayime wurdurd yikarrme? || how many children do you have? || baleh kayime = how many
 
|}
 
|}
  
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Another adjustment when learning Kunwok is all the long words, e.g. ''karridjarrkdurrkmirri'',
 
Another adjustment when learning Kunwok is all the long words, e.g. ''karridjarrkdurrkmirri'',
 
which can be broken down into ''karri-djarrk-durrkmirri'' (we-together-work).
 
which can be broken down into ''karri-djarrk-durrkmirri'' (we-together-work).
 +
 +
Note that we generally don't translate "do this '''with''' me" literally, but rather say "you and me we will do it".
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! Kunwok                      !! English                    !! Comments
+
! Kunwok                      !! English                           !! Comments
 +
|-
 +
| baleh ngurriyime?            || what are you doing / will you do?  || (to a group)
 +
|-
 +
| baleh yiyime ngudda?        || what are you doing / will you do?  || (to one person)
 +
|-
 +
| yibimbun                    || you're painting/writing it        ||
 +
|-
 +
| yimilebun                    || you're weaving it                  ||
 +
|-
 +
| yidulkdadjke                || you're cutting wood                || yi-dulk-dadjke = you-tree-cut
 +
|-
 +
| yikaru!                      || dig it!                            ||
 +
|-
 +
| yimang mandengiyi            || you're fetching the vehicle        ||
 +
|-
 +
| karridjarrkdurrkmirri        || we're working together            || karri-djarrk-durrkmirri = we-together-work
 +
|-
 +
| karribebbehdurrkmirri        || we're working separately          || karri-bebbeh-durrkmirri = we-separately-work
 +
|-
 +
| ngawarrewong                || I made a mistake                  ||
 +
|-
 +
| werrk!                      || hurry up!                          ||
 +
|-
 +
| yeledj!                      || slow down!                        ||
 +
|-
 +
| med!                        || wait!                              ||
 +
|-
 +
| karriyakwong                || we finished it                     ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngabimbun timesheet          || I'm doing the timesheet            ||
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Ailments ==
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! Kunwok                      !! English                            !! Comments
 +
|-
 +
| njale ngunbayeng?            || what's wrong?                      || lit. what's biting you?
 +
|-
 +
| baleh ngunnjamedmeng?        || what happened to you?              || ngun-njamedmeng = it.you-somethinged
 +
|-
 +
| kanmarneyolyolmen            || tell me about it                  ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngakodjbabang                || my head hurts                      || nga-kodj-babang = my-head-hurts (substitute other body parts)
 +
|-
 +
| ngakodjke                    || I'm tired                          || also nga-mim-kodjke = my-eyes-tired
 +
|-
 +
| ngabondjek                  || I'm cold                          ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngaladmen                    || I'm hot                            ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngadjare ngayo              || I want to lie down                ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngaworrkoluy                || I fell out of a tree              ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngadengelurlmeng            || My foot is swollen                ||
 +
|-
 +
| birndu nganberlbayeng        || A mosquito bit my arm              || ngan-berl-baye-ng = it.me-arm-bite-past
 +
|-
 +
| ngaberlbakmeng              || I broke my arm                    || nga-berl-bakme-ng = I-arm-break-past
 
|-
 
|-
| baleh karriyime?            || what are we doing?          || (to a group; includes the people you're addressing)
+
| ngabiddorrinj                || I hit my finger                    ||
 
|-
 
|-
| yibimbun                    || you're painting/writing    ||
+
| nganjilngwarreminj          || I feel bad                        || nga-njilng-warreminj = I-feeling-bad
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== On the road ==
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! Kunwok                      !! English                            !! Comments
 
|-
 
|-
| yidulkdadke                  || you're cutting wood        || (kundulk = tree)
+
| ngurribidbu karrire          || you (all) get in and let's go      ||
 
|-
 
|-
| yikarung                    || you're digging             ||
+
| werrk karrire                || hurry up, we're going             ||
 
|-
 
|-
| yimang mandengiyi            || you're fetching the vehicle ||
+
| kandikan Jabiru              || you (all) take me to Jabiru        || (remember "kan" is pronounced like English "gun")
 
|-
 
|-
| karridjarrkdurrkmirri        || we're working together      || (djarrk = together)
+
| yibolkbengkan baleh yire?    || do you know where you're going?    || yi-bolk-bengkan = you-country-know
 
|-
 
|-
| karribebbehdurrkmirri        || we're working separately    || (bebbeh = separately)
+
| karrire kumekke              || let's go there (pointing)          ||
 
|-
 
|-
| ngawarrewong                || I made a mistake           ||
+
| karrire djarre              || go further / keep going           || karri-re djarre = we-go far
 
|-
 
|-
| werrk!                      || hurry up!                  ||
+
| yibolkkadjung                || follow the road                    || yi-bolk-kadjung = you-country-follow
 
|-
 
|-
| yeledj yeledj!              || slow down!                 ||
+
| karridjalrohrokme            || we'll keep trying                 || karri-djal-rohrokme = we-still-try (we're driving til we find what we're looking for)
 
|-
 
|-
| med!                        || wait!                      ||
+
| ngabolkbengmiddanj          || I forgot the place                || nga-bolk-bengmiddanj = I-country-forgot
 
|-
 
|-
| karriyakwong                || we finished it              ||
+
| ngudda yibebmen!            || get out                            ||
 
|-
 
|-
| ngamarnbun djura            || I'm doing the timesheet    || (djura = paper)
+
| dengebelngdanj kadberre      || we've got a flat tyre              ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
Line 106: Line 183:
  
 
Note that expressions involving ''yi-'' are addressed to an individual, while those with ''ngurri-'' are addressed to a group.
 
Note that expressions involving ''yi-'' are addressed to an individual, while those with ''ngurri-'' are addressed to a group.
Feel free to replace ''yi-'' with ''ngurri'' and vice versa, as needed.
+
Feel free to replace ''yi-'' (you singular) with ''ngurri-'' (you plural) and vice versa, as needed. You can also use ''karri-'' (we all) if the expression includes the speaker.
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Kunwok                      !! English                    !! Comments
 
! Kunwok                      !! English                    !! Comments
 +
|-
 +
| kamak bu ngundinan bolkkime! || nice to see you all today!  ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ngudda kamak?                || are you (all) good?        ||
 
| ngudda kamak?                || are you (all) good?        ||
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|-
 
|-
 
| ngurriyerrka                || all sit down                ||
 
| ngurriyerrka                || all sit down                ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngurringudmen                || all be quiet                ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ngurridolkka                || all stand up                ||
 
| ngurridolkka                || all stand up                ||
 
|-
 
|-
| ngurribiddjirridjbu          || wash your hands            || (kunbid = hand)
+
| kandibekka                  || all listen                  ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngudda warridj              || you too .                  ||
 +
|-
 +
| karribiddokme rowk          || let's all clap hands        ||
 +
|-
 +
| ngurribiddjirridjburren      || wash your hands            || ngurri-bid-djirridjbu-rren = you-hand-wash-reflexive
 +
|-
 +
| yiyidmeburren?              || did you brush your teeth?  || yi-yidme-burren = you-teeth-beat
 
|-
 
|-
 
| yibawo!                      || stop that!                  ||
 
| yibawo!                      || stop that!                  ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| yimray!                      || come!                      ||
 
| yimray!                      || come!                      ||
 +
|-
 +
| yirohrokmen!                || try it!                    ||
 +
|-
 +
| kanyolyolmen                || tell me/us about it        ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ngurribidyikarrmerrimen      || help each other            ||
 
| ngurribidyikarrmerrimen      || help each other            ||
 +
|-
 +
| yuwn yibidbun                || don't climb it              ||
 +
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
== To do ==
 +
 +
* learning language (yuwn kankukdjekmiwon, don't laugh at me)
 +
* country (kunbolk, kunred)
 +
* family (bininj, daluk, namud, wurdurd, mawahmawah)
 +
* leave-taking (woknan, kamak ngarriwokdanj)
 +
* hospitality (ti yibongun? kanwo djukka, kundjikka)
 +
* sorry business (bolkwarreminj, ngarribidkurrmeng)
 +
* outstation life (duruk yingudmen, djenj karrire, ngayawan kunyerrng ngaworrkme)
 +
* asking permission to go places
 +
* church (karriwayini, pray karriyime)
 +
* forbidden places (kubolkdjamun djang)
 +
* fire and burning
 +
* cars and road safety
 +
* hunting
 +
* collecting pandanus (kunngolbarn, kala)
 +
* stripping bark and bark painting
 +
* jobs, ranger work
 +
* food and food preparation (kandidjawa, buburru, ngabiddjibme)
 +
* (requests welcome)

Revision as of 05:31, 13 April 2019

Preface

The first challenge for a balanda learner of Kunwok is to get used to the idea that there's no words for hello or thank you. We like to discuss the weather with strangers, but here in West Arnhem, there's not much to discuss, except to remark on it being cold if it falls below 20.

When speaking with people, it is good to minimise eye contact. Sustained eye contact may come across as domineering.

You'll probably need help to pronounce these phrases correctly. Please see the pronunciation guide and the podcasts. Feel free to ask bininj for advice; a whitefella asking for advice is like a breath of fresh air out here.

Greetings

When greeting people, you'll probably be the one to initiate the interaction. If you're not an outgoing kind of person, you'll have to pretend! It is completely appropriate to show curiosity about where people are going and what they are doing, even if you hardly know them.

Kunwok English Comments
ngudda kamak? are you good? (use with any size of group)
yoh, kamak yes, good
baleh yire? where are you going? (said to just one person)
ngare shop I'm going to the shop (it's ok to include English words)
yire kakbi you're going north (fine to state the obvious)
yimdurndi you've come back
baleh keno yimdurndeng when are you coming back?
ngawarnyak wak I can't stand the crows
mah bonj, ngare ok, I'm going
yire you're going
nan kaluk see you later (use with any size of group)
bobo goodbye

Introductions

Here your challenge is to get over needing to know someone's name. Learn their skin name, and optionally the kinship term you use for them, and try to just use that. Don't be afraid to ask the same question again next time you see someone. It's better to ask again and use it to consolidate what you're learning. Once you know people, you might ask if you can sit with them.

Kunwok English Comments
ngaye nakamarrang I'm nakamarrang (give your skin name if you have one)
ngudda yingale? Who are you?
baleh kunkurlah nguddangke? what's your skin?
nangale ngunwong? who gave it to you? (your skin name)
njale marneyime? what do I call you? (elicits a kinship term)
baleh ngudda beh? where are you from?
ngaye Melbourne beh I'm from Melbourne
kamak ngayerrkan? good if I sit? (i.e. may I sit)
baleh kayime wurdurd yikarrme? how many children do you have? baleh kayime = how many

Working together

Another adjustment when learning Kunwok is all the long words, e.g. karridjarrkdurrkmirri, which can be broken down into karri-djarrk-durrkmirri (we-together-work).

Note that we generally don't translate "do this with me" literally, but rather say "you and me we will do it".

Kunwok English Comments
baleh ngurriyime? what are you doing / will you do? (to a group)
baleh yiyime ngudda? what are you doing / will you do? (to one person)
yibimbun you're painting/writing it
yimilebun you're weaving it
yidulkdadjke you're cutting wood yi-dulk-dadjke = you-tree-cut
yikaru! dig it!
yimang mandengiyi you're fetching the vehicle
karridjarrkdurrkmirri we're working together karri-djarrk-durrkmirri = we-together-work
karribebbehdurrkmirri we're working separately karri-bebbeh-durrkmirri = we-separately-work
ngawarrewong I made a mistake
werrk! hurry up!
yeledj! slow down!
med! wait!
karriyakwong we finished it
ngabimbun timesheet I'm doing the timesheet

Ailments

Kunwok English Comments
njale ngunbayeng? what's wrong? lit. what's biting you?
baleh ngunnjamedmeng? what happened to you? ngun-njamedmeng = it.you-somethinged
kanmarneyolyolmen tell me about it
ngakodjbabang my head hurts nga-kodj-babang = my-head-hurts (substitute other body parts)
ngakodjke I'm tired also nga-mim-kodjke = my-eyes-tired
ngabondjek I'm cold
ngaladmen I'm hot
ngadjare ngayo I want to lie down
ngaworrkoluy I fell out of a tree
ngadengelurlmeng My foot is swollen
birndu nganberlbayeng A mosquito bit my arm ngan-berl-baye-ng = it.me-arm-bite-past
ngaberlbakmeng I broke my arm nga-berl-bakme-ng = I-arm-break-past
ngabiddorrinj I hit my finger
nganjilngwarreminj I feel bad nga-njilng-warreminj = I-feeling-bad

On the road

Kunwok English Comments
ngurribidbu karrire you (all) get in and let's go
werrk karrire hurry up, we're going
kandikan Jabiru you (all) take me to Jabiru (remember "kan" is pronounced like English "gun")
yibolkbengkan baleh yire? do you know where you're going? yi-bolk-bengkan = you-country-know
karrire kumekke let's go there (pointing)
karrire djarre go further / keep going karri-re djarre = we-go far
yibolkkadjung follow the road yi-bolk-kadjung = you-country-follow
karridjalrohrokme we'll keep trying karri-djal-rohrokme = we-still-try (we're driving til we find what we're looking for)
ngabolkbengmiddanj I forgot the place nga-bolk-bengmiddanj = I-country-forgot
ngudda yibebmen! get out
dengebelngdanj kadberre we've got a flat tyre

In the classroom

Note that expressions involving yi- are addressed to an individual, while those with ngurri- are addressed to a group. Feel free to replace yi- (you singular) with ngurri- (you plural) and vice versa, as needed. You can also use karri- (we all) if the expression includes the speaker.

Kunwok English Comments
kamak bu ngundinan bolkkime! nice to see you all today!
ngudda kamak? are you (all) good?
kamak yiyoy? did you sleep well?
ngurriyerrka all sit down
ngurringudmen all be quiet
ngurridolkka all stand up
kandibekka all listen
ngudda warridj you too .
karribiddokme rowk let's all clap hands
ngurribiddjirridjburren wash your hands ngurri-bid-djirridjbu-rren = you-hand-wash-reflexive
yiyidmeburren? did you brush your teeth? yi-yidme-burren = you-teeth-beat
yibawo! stop that!
yimray! come!
yirohrokmen! try it!
kanyolyolmen tell me/us about it
ngurribidyikarrmerrimen help each other
yuwn yibidbun don't climb it

To do

  • learning language (yuwn kankukdjekmiwon, don't laugh at me)
  • country (kunbolk, kunred)
  • family (bininj, daluk, namud, wurdurd, mawahmawah)
  • leave-taking (woknan, kamak ngarriwokdanj)
  • hospitality (ti yibongun? kanwo djukka, kundjikka)
  • sorry business (bolkwarreminj, ngarribidkurrmeng)
  • outstation life (duruk yingudmen, djenj karrire, ngayawan kunyerrng ngaworrkme)
  • asking permission to go places
  • church (karriwayini, pray karriyime)
  • forbidden places (kubolkdjamun djang)
  • fire and burning
  • cars and road safety
  • hunting
  • collecting pandanus (kunngolbarn, kala)
  • stripping bark and bark painting
  • jobs, ranger work
  • food and food preparation (kandidjawa, buburru, ngabiddjibme)
  • (requests welcome)