Constructions

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Incorporation

Meaning is completely predictable, and we can use a full noun instead

  • nga-kanj-ngun, nga-ngun kun-kanj meat-eat

Body part incorporation
Many body parts and bodily products can be incorporated into the verb in Bininj Kunwok. For example:

nga-kodj-babang
I-head-hurts
'I have a headache'

Not all body parts and matter can be incorporated though, and below is a list of those that can: [table]

There are two rules to incorporating body parts that will help with identifying the owner of the body part:
Rule 1: When only the subject is expressed in the pronominal prefix, the body part belongs to the subject.
Rule 2: When there is also an object expressed in the pronominal prefix, the body part belongs to the object.

Thus:
nga-kodj-bom
I-head-hit.PP
'I hit my head'

BUT

kan-kodj-bom
you>me-head-hit.PP
'you hit my head' or 'you hit me on the head'

Compounding

Meaning is more specific than might be predicted, and we cannot use a full noun instead

  • nga-bo-ngun, drink (but not nga-ngun kukku)