Difference between revisions of "Constructions"

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(Created page with "==Incorporation== Meaning is completely predictable, and we can use a full noun instead * nga-kanj-ngun, nga-ngun kun-kanj ''meat-eat'' ==Compounding== Meaning is more sp...")
 
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* nga-kanj-ngun, nga-ngun kun-kanj ''meat-eat''
 
* nga-kanj-ngun, nga-ngun kun-kanj ''meat-eat''
  
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'''Body part incorporation'''
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<br>
 +
Many body parts and bodily products can be incorporated into the verb in Bininj Kunwok. For example:
 +
<br><br>
 +
''nga-kodj-babang''
 +
<br>
 +
I-head-hurts
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<br>
 +
'I have a headache'
 +
 +
Not all body parts and matter can be incorporated though, and below is a list of those that can:
 +
[table]
 +
 +
There are two rules to incorporating body parts that will help with identifying the owner of the body part:
 +
<br>
 +
'''Rule 1:''' When only the subject is expressed in the pronominal prefix, the body part belongs to the ''subject''.<br>
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'''Rule 2:''' When there is also an object expressed in the pronominal prefix, the body part belongs to the ''object''.
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<br><br>
 +
Thus:
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<br>
 +
''nga-kodj-bom''
 +
<br>
 +
I-head-hit.PP
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<br>
 +
'I hit my head'
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<br> '''BUT'''<br>
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''kan-kodj-bom''
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<br>
 +
you>me-head-hit.PP
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<br>
 +
'you hit my head' or 'you hit me on the head'
  
 
==Compounding==
 
==Compounding==

Revision as of 07:57, 4 April 2018

Incorporation

Meaning is completely predictable, and we can use a full noun instead

  • nga-kanj-ngun, nga-ngun kun-kanj meat-eat

Body part incorporation
Many body parts and bodily products can be incorporated into the verb in Bininj Kunwok. For example:

nga-kodj-babang
I-head-hurts
'I have a headache'

Not all body parts and matter can be incorporated though, and below is a list of those that can: [table]

There are two rules to incorporating body parts that will help with identifying the owner of the body part:
Rule 1: When only the subject is expressed in the pronominal prefix, the body part belongs to the subject.
Rule 2: When there is also an object expressed in the pronominal prefix, the body part belongs to the object.

Thus:
nga-kodj-bom
I-head-hit.PP
'I hit my head'
BUT
kan-kodj-bom
you>me-head-hit.PP
'you hit my head' or 'you hit me on the head'

Compounding

Meaning is more specific than might be predicted, and we cannot use a full noun instead

  • nga-bo-ngun, drink (but not nga-ngun kukku)